brucella

play
noun bru·cel·la \brü-ˈse-lə\

Definition of brucella

plural

brucellae

play \-ˈse-(ˌ)lē\ or

brucellas

  1. :  any of a genus (Brucella) of nonmotile pleomorphic bacteria that cause disease in humans and domestic animals

Origin and Etymology of brucella

New Latin, from Sir David Bruce


Medical Dictionary

brucella

play
noun bru·cel·la \brü-ˈsel-ə\

Medical Definition of brucella

  1. 1 capitalized :  a genus of nonmotile capsulated bacteria of the family Brucellaceae that cause disease in humans and domestic animals

  2. 2plural brucellae \-ˈsel-(ˌ)ē\play or brucellas :  any bacterium of the genus Brucella

Biographical Note for brucella

Bruce

\ˈbrüs\play ,

Sir David

(1855–1931), British bacteriologist. While on the island of Malta in 1886, Bruce discovered the bacterial cause of undulant or Malta fever; he reported his findings the following year. He called the causal organism Micrococcus melitensis but in 1920 the genus was renamed Brucella in his honor. Also, the disease caused by bacteria of this genus is now usually known as brucellosis. Bruce later did extensive research on trypanosomiasis. In 1894 he investigated nagana in Zululand, and in 1903 he started his investigation of sleeping sickness in Uganda.


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up brucella? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

WORD OF THE DAY

the weight of a container

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

The Emoji Quiz

  • emoji-the-quiz
  • What phase of the moon is this: 🌖 ?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!