bronchitis

noun

bron·​chi·​tis brän-ˈkī-təs How to pronounce bronchitis (audio)
bräŋ-
: acute or chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes
also : a disease marked by this
bronchitic adjective

Did you know?

The bronchial tubes carry air into the tiny branches and smaller cells of the lungs. In bronchitis, the tubes become sore and you develop a deep cough. Bronchitis caused by bacteria can be treated with antibiotics, but there's no drug treatment for the more common kind caused by a virus. A bout of bronchitis may involve a couple of weeks of coughing (with no laughing allowed), weakness, and loss of energy and interest in doing things. Apart from that, bronchitis is rarely serious—at least if it doesn't progress to pneumonia.

Examples of bronchitis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Respondents with underlying health conditions such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis and asthma were also more likely to report having long covid, as were White and Hispanic survey respondents. Ian McMahan, Washington Post, 15 July 2024 Lower respiratory infections, like bronchitis or pneumonia, may be caused by bacteria or viruses. Jenny Sweigard, Verywell Health, 1 July 2024 Everything from respiratory viruses like a cold, flu, or croup to bacterial infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia can trigger coughing in babies. Evan Forster, Parents, 17 June 2024 Chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma are the most common diseases within the chronic lower respiratory disease category. Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, 30 Apr. 2024 See all Example Sentences for bronchitis 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'bronchitis.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Late Latin bronchium "branch of a bronchus, bronchial tube" + -itis — more at bronchial

Note: The term bronchitis was apparently introduced into English by the British physician Charles Badham (1780-1845) in Observations on the Inflammatory Affections of the Mucous Membrane of the Bronchiæ (London: Callow, 1808), though the word had been used earlier (as a Latinate synonym of Luftröhrenästentzündung) by the German physician Johann Christian Stark (1753-1811) in Handbuch zur Kenntnis und Heilung innerer Krankheiten des menschlichen Körpers (Jena, 1799), pp. 144, 167.

First Known Use

1808, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of bronchitis was in 1808

Dictionary Entries Near bronchitis

Cite this Entry

“Bronchitis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bronchitis. Accessed 20 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition

bronchitis

noun
bron·​chi·​tis brän-ˈkīt-əs How to pronounce bronchitis (audio)
bräŋ-
: inflammation of the bronchial tubes or a disease marked by this

Medical Definition

bronchitis

noun
bron·​chi·​tis brän-ˈkīt-əs, bräŋ- How to pronounce bronchitis (audio)
: acute or chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes
also : a disease marked by this
bronchitic adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on bronchitis

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