boson

noun
bo·​son | \ ˈbō-ˌsän How to pronounce boson (audio) , -ˌzän How to pronounce boson (audio) \

Definition of boson

: a particle (such as a photon or meson) whose spin quantum number is zero or an integral number — compare fermion

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Other Words from boson

bosonic \ ˌbō-​ˈsä-​nik How to pronounce bosonic (audio) , -​ˈzä-​ \ adjective

Examples of boson in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Same experiment, different atom, but the same 17MeV boson was found. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "New boson appears in nuclear decay, breaks standard model," 20 Dec. 2019 Here's an example: if a proton-antiproton collision produces a top quark and an antitop particle, these will instantly decay into two weak force (W) bosons and two bottom quarks. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "MIT physicists: Social networks could hold the key to finding new particles," 31 July 2019 But boson sampling can predict the results by carrying out the task itself. Daniel Garisto, Scientific American, "Quantum Computer Made from Photons Achieves a New Record," 6 Nov. 2019 The nickname is universally loathed by physicists, including Peter Higgs himself, from whom the boson gets its name. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "Nobel-prize winning physicist who coined “god particle” dead at 96," 3 Oct. 2018 By 2016, boson samplers had yet to extend beyond 6 photons. Quanta Magazine, "Quantum Algorithms Struggle Against Old Foe: Clever Computers," 1 Feb. 2018 In the early 1970s several researchers independently proposed that bosons and fermions might be related to one another via a fundamental symmetry called supersymmetry. Philip Ball, Scientific American, "Supergravity Snags Super Award: $3-Million Special Breakthrough Prize," 6 Aug. 2019 Leptons and bosons do give us a hint to follow, however. Joe Lindsey, Popular Mechanics, "Filling the Void: What Is Dark Matter?," 28 May 2019 This Higgs then quickly morphs into other particles, such as a pair of top quarks or W bosons, where the probability of each outcome depends on the strength of the Higgs’ coupling to each type of particle. Quanta Magazine, "The Physics Still Hiding in the Higgs Boson," 4 Mar. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'boson.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of boson

1947, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for boson

Satyendranath Bose †1974 Indian physicist + English -on entry 2

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Time Traveler for boson

Time Traveler

The first known use of boson was in 1947

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Statistics for boson

Last Updated

10 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Boson.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/boson. Accessed 19 Feb. 2020.

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