Definition of beneficium competentiae
1 Roman law : the right of a defendant debtor bearing to plaintiff a special relationship (such as that of ascendant, patron, husband, former partner, or one who has promised but not delivered a gift or dowry) to a judgment that will not deprive the debtor of the means of existence
2a civil law : the right of a gratuitous grantor to reserve if indigent a competency to himself or herself out of the subject of his grant b Scots law : this right extended to fathers and grandfathers with respect to provisions granted to their children
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Origin and Etymology of beneficium competentiae
Medieval Latin, right to a competency
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