Definition of baryton
1 : a stringed instrument of the 17th and 18th centuries similar to the bass viol with a fretted fingerboard, six or seven bowed strings, and numerous sympathetic strings behind them He also had to provide music of all kinds for the establishment, and composed … a hundred and seventy-five works featuring the baryton, the Prince's favored instrument. — Andrew Porter, New Yorker, 22 Apr. 1991
2 [borrowed from German] usually Baryton : an organ reed stop of 8- or 16-foot pitch
barytonist\ˈber-ə-ˌtä-nist, ˈba-rə-\ noun, plural
barytonistsEven in today's “authentic instrument” climate you don't exactly run across barytonists every day. — Barrymore Laurence Scherer, Wall Street Journal, 26 Aug. 1997
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Origin and Etymology of baryton
borrowed from French & German; French baryton, borrowed from German, literally, “baritone” (in various senses), borrowed from Italian baritono — more at baritone
First Known Use: 1878
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