artery

noun
ar·​tery | \ ˈär-tə-rē How to pronounce artery (audio) , ˈär-trē \
plural arteries

Definition of artery

1 : any of the tubular branching muscular- and elastic-walled vessels that carry blood from the heart through the body
2 : a channel (such as a river or highway) of transportation or communication especially : the main channel in a branching system

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Examples of artery in a Sentence

He favors local side roads over major arteries. there's an accident on the main artery into town, so I'll be late
Recent Examples on the Web Two patients died, one from significant blood loss after the operation and the other from a stroke caused by a cut vertebral artery. Mahita Gajanan, Time, 16 July 2021 People standing on many balconies along the central artery in the Centro Habana neighborhood applauded the protesters passing by. Andrea Rodriguez, ajc, 13 July 2021 People standing on many balconies along the central artery in the Centro Habana neighborhood applauded the protesters passing by. sun-sentinel.com, 13 July 2021 People standing on many balconies along the central artery in the Centro Habana neighborhood applauded the protesters passing by. Andrea Rodriguez, chicagotribune.com, 12 July 2021 People standing on many balconies along the central artery in the Centro Habana neighborhood applauded the protesters passing by. Andrea Rodriguez, Anchorage Daily News, 12 July 2021 People standing on many balconies along the central artery in the Centro Habana neighborhood applauded the protesters passing by. Andrea Rodriguez, The Christian Science Monitor, 12 July 2021 Like a clot that cuts off blood flow to the body, a cyberattack on a key artery in the nation's energy infrastructure has temporarily disrupted the transportation of fuel in the Southeastern U.S. Nathan Bomey, USA TODAY, 11 May 2021 The force of the rollercoaster caused an avulsion of the right internal thoracic artery, Shuck said, per 14 News. Naledi Ushe, PEOPLE.com, 7 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'artery.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of artery

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for artery

Middle English arterie, borrowed from Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French arteire, arterie, borrowed from Latin artēria "trachea, bronchial tubes (in plural artēriae), artery," borrowed from Greek artēría, from ar- (contracted from *awer-), base of aeírein "to join, attach, harness" (of uncertain origin) + -tēr, agentive suffix + -ia -ia entry 1 — more at aorta

Note: Compare, without the second suffix, Greek artḗr "something by which a burden is carried" (Septuagint). The semantic relation between the verb aeírein and the sense "trachea" parallels that between the verb and the derivative aortḗ "aorta, bronchial tubes" (see aorta). The extension of the meaning from "trachea" to "artery" is presumably because the arteries were believed to carry air to the extremities of the body as well as blood.

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Learn More About artery

Time Traveler for artery

Time Traveler

The first known use of artery was in the 14th century

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Statistics for artery

Last Updated

24 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Artery.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/artery. Accessed 25 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for artery

artery

noun

English Language Learners Definition of artery

: any one of the tubes that carry blood from the heart to all parts of the body
: a large road, river, railroad line, etc.

artery

noun
ar·​tery | \ ˈär-tə-rē How to pronounce artery (audio) \
plural arteries

Kids Definition of artery

1 : one of the branching tubes that carry blood from the heart to all parts of the body
2 : a main road or waterway

artery

noun
ar·​tery | \ ˈärt-ə-rē How to pronounce artery (audio) \
plural arteries

Medical Definition of artery

: any of the tubular branching muscular- and elastic-walled vessels that carry blood from the heart through the body

More from Merriam-Webster on artery

Nglish: Translation of artery for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of artery for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about artery

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