area centralis

noun area cen·tra·lis \ -sen-ˈtra-ləs , -ˈträ- , -ˈtrā- \

Definition of area centralis

anatomy
1 :macula lutea
  • Light from the very center of the visual field, the area of space that we “are looking at,” projects onto the area centralis or macula.
  • —Peggy MasonMedical Neurobiology2011
2 :a small region near the center of the retina of various vertebrates that is highly concentrated with cones and rods, plays an important role in visual acuity, and is analogous to the macula lutea
  • The area of maximal visual acuity and highest cone density in the retina of the horse is the area centralis.
  • —Dennis Eugene BrooksOphthalmology for the Equine Practitioner2002
  • By contrast, dogs have what is called an area centralis: a broad central region with fewer receptors than a fovea, but more than in peripheral parts of the eye.
  • —Alexandra HorowitzInside of a Dog2009

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Origin and Etymology of area centralis

borrowed from New Latin, literally, “central area”


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