Definition of archetype
1 : the original pattern or model of which all things of the same type are representations or copies : prototype < … the House of Commons, the archetype of all the representative assemblies which now meet … — Thomas Babington Macaulay>; also : a perfect example <He is the archetype of a successful businessman.>
2 : idea 1a
3 psychology : an inherited idea or mode of thought in the psychology of C. G. Jung that is derived from the experience of the race and is present in the unconscious of the individual
Did You Know?
Archetype derives via Latin from the Greek adjective archetypos ("archetypal"), formed from the verb "archein" ("to begin" or "to rule") and the noun "typos" ("type"). ("Archein" also gave us the prefix arch-, meaning "principal" or "extreme" and used to form such words as "archenemy," "archduke," and "archconservative.") "Archetype" has specific uses in the fields of philosophy and psychology. The ancient Greek philosopher Plato, for example, believed that all things have ideal forms (aka archetypes) of which real things are merely shadows or copies. And in the psychology of C. G. Jung, "archetype" refers to an inherited idea or mode of thought that is present in the unconscious of the individual. In everyday prose, however, "archetype" is most commonly used to mean "a perfect example of something."
Origin and Etymology of archetype
Latin archetypum, from Greek archetypon, from neuter of archetypos archetypal, from archein + typos type
First Known Use: 1545
Medical Definition of archetype
1a: a primitive generalized plan of structure deduced from the characters of a natural group of plants or animals and assumed to be the characteristic of the ancestor from which they are all descendedb: the original ancestor of a group of plants or animals
2: an inherited idea or mode of thought in the psychology of C. G. Jung that is derived from the experience of the race and is present in the unconscious of the individual
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