arabinose

noun

arab·​i·​nose ə-ˈra-bə-ˌnōs How to pronounce arabinose (audio)
-ˌnōz
: a white crystalline aldose sugar C5H10O5 occurring especially in vegetable gums

Examples of arabinose in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web There wasn’t any arabinose in their surroundings, so this ability didn’t matter to the bacteria. Ed Yong, Discover Magazine, 17 Mar. 2011 To create XNAs, Holliger and his team replaced the deoxyribose with alternative synthetic chemical ring structures such as arabinose or cyclohexene. Kat McGowan, Discover Magazine, 16 Jan. 2013 The change in arabinose-eating ability – in either direction – showed how far the bacteria had changed from their original forms. Ed Yong, Discover Magazine, 17 Mar. 2011 The researchers found sugars like arabinose and xylose -- but the most significant finding was ribose. Jessie Yeung, CNN, 21 Nov. 2019 Both approaches pointed to a gene for an enzyme that makes arabinose, a sugar found primarily in the plant cell wall, Willis reported. Elizabeth Pennisi, Science | AAAS, 29 Aug. 2019

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'arabinose.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

International Scientific Vocabulary arabin (the solid principle in gum arabic, from gum arabic + -in entry 1) + -ose

First Known Use

1889, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of arabinose was in 1889

Dictionary Entries Near arabinose

Cite this Entry

“Arabinose.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/arabinose. Accessed 5 Mar. 2024.

Medical Definition

arabinose

noun
arab·​i·​nose ə-ˈrab-ə-ˌnōs, -ˌnōz How to pronounce arabinose (audio)
: a white crystalline aldose sugar C5H10O5 occurring especially in vegetable gums

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