anthrax

noun
an·​thrax | \ ˈan-ˌthraks How to pronounce anthrax (audio) \

Definition of anthrax

: an infectious disease of warm-blooded animals (such as cattle and sheep) caused by a spore-forming bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), transmissible to humans especially by the handling of infected products (such as wool), and characterized by cutaneous ulcerating nodules or by often fatal lesions in the lungs also : the bacterium causing anthrax

Examples of anthrax in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Despite a variety of legal maneuvers, the investigational status of the government’s anthrax vaccine assured that no service members could be required to take it against their will. Melissa Healy, Los Angeles Times, "Q&A: What are vaccine passports, and why do some people hate them so much?," 13 Apr. 2021 Sales of its anthrax vaccines accounted for nearly half the Strategic National Stockpile’s half-billion-dollar annual budget through most of the last decade, The Times reported last month. New York Times, "Top Official Warned That Covid Vaccine Plant Had to Be ‘Monitored Closely’," 7 Apr. 2021 But the country that helped develop the rabies and anthrax vaccines is now one of the most vaccine-hesitant nations on the planet. Yasmeen Serhan, The Atlantic, "France’s Biggest Pandemic Hurdle," 18 Mar. 2021 All 18 anthrax vaccine claims and eight of 11 smallpox vaccine claims were rejected. Ken Alltucker, USA TODAY, "Government program tapped to pay for COVID-19 vaccine injuries rarely sides with consumers," 25 Dec. 2020 The federal agency criticized the company for problems with its testing of a potential treatment for anthrax, according to the records obtained by the AP. Linda Johnson, Fortune, "J&J’s vaccine mix-up started at supply chain firm with string of FDA citations," 1 Apr. 2021 The federal agency criticized the company for problems with its testing of a potential treatment for anthrax, according to the records obtained by the AP. Richard Lardner And Linda Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "Company behind Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine problems has string of health citations," 1 Apr. 2021 The federal agency criticized the company for problems with its testing of a potential treatment for anthrax, according to the records obtained by the AP. Richard Lardner And Linda Johnson, Chron, "Company at heart of J&J vaccine woes has series of citations," 1 Apr. 2021 The federal agency criticized Emergent for problems with its testing of a potential treatment for anthrax, according to the records obtained by the AP. Richard Lardner And Jason Dearen, baltimoresun.com, "Maryland company whose Baltimore factory compromised Johnson & Johnson COVID vaccine doses had history of violations," 1 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'anthrax.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of anthrax

1776, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for anthrax

probably borrowed from French, originally a word applied to the dark skin lesion associated with the cutaneous form of the disease, extended in the 18th century to the disease itself (also called charbon); earlier, "dark skin lesion, carbuncle," going back to Middle French antrac, borrowed from Late Latin anthrac-, anthrax, borrowed from Greek anthrak-, ánthrax "charcoal (burning or unlit, usually in plural), coal, dark red precious stone, dark skin lesion," probably of pre-Greek substratal origin

Note: In the sense "carbuncle, purulent skin lesion (of various origins)," anthrax has been in occasional use in English since Middle English (then attested as antrax, antrace). Regarding the origin of the Greek word, cf. andráchlē "warming pan, brazier," (with -d- for -th-) and kándaros glossed ánthrax by Hesychius (k- alternating with ø), features (along with the suffix -ak-) suggesting substratal origin (see Robert Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2010).

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Time Traveler for anthrax

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The first known use of anthrax was in 1776

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Last Updated

26 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Anthrax.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anthrax. Accessed 9 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for anthrax

anthrax

noun

English Language Learners Definition of anthrax

: a serious disease that affects animals (such as cattle and sheep) and sometimes people

anthrax

noun
an·​thrax | \ ˈan-ˌthraks How to pronounce anthrax (audio) \

Kids Definition of anthrax

: a serious bacterial disease of warm-blooded animals (as sheep) that can affect humans

anthrax

noun
an·​thrax | \ ˈan-ˌthraks How to pronounce anthrax (audio) \
plural anthraces\ -​thrə-​ˌsēz How to pronounce anthrax (audio) \

Medical Definition of anthrax

: an infectious disease of warm-blooded animals (as cattle and sheep) caused by a spore-forming bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), transmissible to humans especially by the handling of infected products (as hair), and characterized by cutaneous ulcerating nodules or by often fatal lesions in the lungs also : the bacterium causing anthrax

More from Merriam-Webster on anthrax

Britannica English: Translation of anthrax for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about anthrax

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