anthocyanin

noun
an·​tho·​cy·​a·​nin | \ ˌan(t)-thə-ˈsī-ə-nən How to pronounce anthocyanin (audio) \

Definition of anthocyanin

: any of various soluble glycoside pigments producing blue to red coloring in flowers and plants

Examples of anthocyanin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web That encourages the production of a chemical called anthocyanin, which adds the red and purple colors in some species, like maples. Allison Chinchar, CNN, "Fall foliage faltering under 'extreme drought' conditions," 3 Oct. 2020 According to Harvard Forest, anthocyanin and chlorophyll together can produce brownish colors in plant leaves, while anthocyanins and carotenoids can create a vibrant orange. Nora Mcgreevy, Smithsonian Magazine, "See Where Brilliant Fall Foliage Will Peak Across the Country in This Map," 11 Sep. 2020 Red and blue pigments, called anthocyanins, don’t taste as good as chlorophyll. Margaret Roach, New York Times, "How (and Why) to Use Native Plants," 15 May 2020 Elderberry fruits contain vitamin A, potassium, calcium, vitamin C and high levels antioxidants like anthocyanins, which give the fruit its color and may play a role in boosting overall health. Mary Pembleton, New York Times, "Can Elderberry Treat the Flu?," 17 Apr. 2020 The anthocyanin develops in different patterns and at different levels for each fruit, thus the brilliant color display that varies from orange to orange. Callie Blount, al, "Blood orange is the secret ingredient in this salsa recipe," 31 Dec. 2019 Their pigmented inside comes from an antioxidant called anthocyanin, which is produced when oranges ripen over warm days and are harvested during much cooler temperatures. Callie Blount, al, "Blood orange is the secret ingredient in this salsa recipe," 31 Dec. 2019 In some tree and shrub species, autumn leaves develop a red pigment called anthocyanin. Beth Botts, chicagotribune.com, "Nitty-gritty details create glory of autumn leaves," 14 Oct. 2019 But leaves also contain other chemicals like carotenoids, anthocyanins and flavonols. Emily Goodykoontz | The Oregonian/oregonlive, oregonlive, "Portland is at peak fall foliage," 20 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'anthocyanin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of anthocyanin

1853, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for anthocyanin

borrowed from German Anthocyanin, from Anthocyan, Anthokyan, an earlier name (from Greek antho- antho- + kyan-, in kyánōs "blue color") + -in -in entry 1 — more at cyan-

Note: Anthokyan was coined by the German pharmacist Ludwig Clamor Marquart (1804-81), in Die Farben der Blüthen (Bonn, 1835), p. 55: Anthokyan (von ἄνθος Blume, und κυάνωσις blaue Farbe) ist der färbende Stoff in der blauen, violetten und rothen und vermittelt ebenfalls die Farbe aller braunen und vieler pomeranzfarbigen Blumen ("Anthokyan [from ánthos flower, and kyánōsis blue color] is the coloring matter in blue, violet and red flowers, and imparts in any case color to all brown and many orange flowers"). A German form with the suffix -in and an English form with the suffix -ine were in use by the 1850's.

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Time Traveler for anthocyanin

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The first known use of anthocyanin was in 1853

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Cite this Entry

“Anthocyanin.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anthocyanin. Accessed 26 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for anthocyanin

anthocyanin

noun
an·​tho·​cy·​a·​nin | \ ˌan(t)-thə-ˈsī-ə-nən How to pronounce anthocyanin (audio) \
variants: also anthocyan \ -​ˈsī-​ən, -​ˌan How to pronounce anthocyanin (audio) \

Medical Definition of anthocyanin

: any of various soluble glycoside pigments producing blue to red coloring in flowers and plants

More from Merriam-Webster on anthocyanin

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about anthocyanin

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