anthocyanin

noun
an·​tho·​cy·​a·​nin | \ ˌan(t)-thə-ˈsī-ə-nən How to pronounce anthocyanin (audio) \

Definition of anthocyanin

: any of various soluble glycoside pigments producing blue to red coloring in flowers and plants

Examples of anthocyanin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The anthocyanin develops in different patterns and at different levels for each fruit, thus the brilliant color display that varies from orange to orange. Callie Blount, al, "Blood orange is the secret ingredient in this salsa recipe," 31 Dec. 2019 Their pigmented inside comes from an antioxidant called anthocyanin, which is produced when oranges ripen over warm days and are harvested during much cooler temperatures. Callie Blount, al, "Blood orange is the secret ingredient in this salsa recipe," 31 Dec. 2019 In some tree and shrub species, autumn leaves develop a red pigment called anthocyanin. Beth Botts, chicagotribune.com, "Nitty-gritty details create glory of autumn leaves," 14 Oct. 2019 But leaves also contain other chemicals like carotenoids, anthocyanins and flavonols. Emily Goodykoontz | The Oregonian/oregonlive, oregonlive, "Portland is at peak fall foliage," 20 Oct. 2019 Pigments called carotenoids and anthocyanins are responsible for fall colors. cleveland, "Cleveland Metroparks east and west offer vivid fall foliage," 14 Oct. 2019 Perhaps more interesting are the anthocyanins, which are produced as the chlorophyll is being broken down. BostonGlobe.com, "It happens every year: The green leaves of spring and summer lose their chlorophyll and voila, the colors of autumn are born.," 4 Oct. 2019 Eggplant anthocyanins have been shown to help reduce artery stiffness and central blood pressure in women. Cynthia Sass, Mph, Health.com, "The Health Benefits of Eggplants," 8 Aug. 2019 But anthocyanins are also far less stable in warm temperatures than in cold, which explains why your Japanese maple that looked fabulous during spring’s cooler temperatures looks a bit muddy later in the summer. Paul Cappiello, The Courier-Journal, "Why do some garden leaves turn green, white and yellow? Foliage decoded," 14 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'anthocyanin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of anthocyanin

1853, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for anthocyanin

borrowed from German Anthocyanin, from Anthocyan, Anthokyan, an earlier name (from Greek antho- antho- + kyan-, in kyánōs "blue color") + -in -in entry 1 — more at cyan-

Note: Anthokyan was coined by the German pharmacist Ludwig Clamor Marquart (1804-81), in Die Farben der Blüthen (Bonn, 1835), p. 55: Anthokyan (von ἄνθος Blume, und κυάνωσις blaue Farbe) ist der färbende Stoff in der blauen, violetten und rothen und vermittelt ebenfalls die Farbe aller braunen und vieler pomeranzfarbigen Blumen ("Anthokyan [from ánthos flower, and kyánōsis blue color] is the coloring matter in blue, violet and red flowers, and imparts in any case color to all brown and many orange flowers"). A German form with the suffix -in and an English form with the suffix -ine were in use by the 1850's.

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Time Traveler for anthocyanin

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The first known use of anthocyanin was in 1853

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Last Updated

19 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Anthocyanin.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anthocyanin. Accessed 19 January 2020.

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More Definitions for anthocyanin

anthocyanin

noun
an·​tho·​cy·​a·​nin | \ ˌan(t)-thə-ˈsī-ə-nən How to pronounce anthocyanin (audio) \
variants: also anthocyan \ -​ˈsī-​ən, -​ˌan How to pronounce anthocyan (audio) \

Medical Definition of anthocyanin

: any of various soluble glycoside pigments producing blue to red coloring in flowers and plants

More from Merriam-Webster on anthocyanin

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about anthocyanin

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