anisomycin

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noun an·iso·my·cin \¦a-ˌnī-sə-¦mī-sən, a-¦nī-\

Definition of anisomycin

  1. :  a white crystalline antibiotic C14H19NO4 obtained from a soil streptomycete (Streptomyces griseolus) that inhibits protein synthesis, is effective against certain pathogenic protozoans and fungi, and is used especially in laboratory research The application of various inhibitors of protein synthesis such as anisomycin and cycloheximide disrupts long-term memory formation, while it leaves short-term memory almost intact. — Satoru Otani and Yehezkel Ben-Ari, International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 35, 1993

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Origin and Etymology of anisomycin

probably from anisoyl, alternate name for methoxybenzoyl, a chemical component of the antibiotic (from anis(ic acid) + -oyl, in benzoyl) + -mycin


First Known Use: 1954


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