an·​iso·​my·​cin ¦a-ˌnī-sə-¦mī-sᵊn How to pronounce anisomycin (audio)
: a white crystalline antibiotic C14H19NO4 obtained from a soil streptomycete (Streptomyces griseolus) that inhibits protein synthesis, is effective against certain pathogenic protozoans and fungi, and is used especially in laboratory research
The application of various inhibitors of protein synthesis such as anisomycin and cycloheximide disrupts long-term memory formation, while it leaves short-term memory almost intact.Satoru Otani and Yehezkel Ben-Ari, International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 35, 1993

Word History


probably from anisoyl, alternate name for methoxybenzoyl, a chemical component of the antibiotic (from anis(ic acid) + -oyl, in benzoyl) + -mycin

First Known Use

1954, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of anisomycin was in 1954

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Cite this Entry

“Anisomycin.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 19 May. 2024.

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