animal model

noun

Definition of animal model

: an animal sufficiently like humans in its anatomy, physiology, or response to a pathogen to be used in medical research in order to obtain results that can be extrapolated to human medicine also : a pathological or physiological condition that occurs in such an animal and is similar to one occurring in humans

Examples of animal model in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Primates are not always the best animal model for every aspect of the disease. Sarah Zhang, The Atlantic, "America Is Facing a Monkey Shortage," 31 Aug. 2020 For example, in animal models, [helper T cells] are important for protecting against [severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)]. Tanya Lewis, Scientific American, "Early Coronavirus Immunity Data Fuel Promise for a Vaccine," 22 May 2020 The company said the possible vaccine has shown success in animal models. Elizabeth Weise, USA TODAY, "Latest on global search for coronavirus vaccine: Oxford vaccine protects monkeys from COVID," 16 May 2020 This led to some instances of organ damage in a few animal models, namely monkeys, ferrets, and also mice. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "The Ars COVID-19 vaccine primer: 100-plus in the works, 8 in clinical trials," 1 May 2020 Potential pitfalls As mentioned earlier, in some previous work on developing a vaccine against SARS-CoV-1—the virus behind SARS—researchers came across a few instances where candidate vaccines seemed to make disease worse in animal models. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "The Ars COVID-19 vaccine primer: 100-plus in the works, 8 in clinical trials," 1 May 2020 Testing done with animal models for SARS, a similar coronavirus, indicates that patients who recover from the disease will have immunity from it. Naomi Xu Elegant, Fortune, "Why are patients who recover from coronavirus testing positive again?," 6 Mar. 2020 Each lab studies either humans or a single animal model, and each study focuses on a narrow aspect of fear. Dean Mobbs, Scientific American, "On the Nature of Fear," 20 Sep. 2019 Discoveries made in animal models can often serve as fuel for human drug development. Kirsi Goldynia, CNN, "Coronavirus threatens other areas of scientific progress, researchers fear," 31 Mar. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'animal model.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of animal model

1955, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of animal model was in 1955

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Last Updated

7 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Animal model.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/animal%20model. Accessed 21 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for animal model

animal model

noun

Medical Definition of animal model

: an animal sufficiently like humans in its anatomy, physiology, or response to a pathogen to be used in medical research in order to obtain results that can be extrapolated to human medicine also : a pathological or physiological condition that occurs in such an animal and is similar (as in its pathology or physiology) to a human condition experimental allergic encephalomyelitis is a useful animal model in the study of multiple sclerosis in humans

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