al·​kane·​thi·​ol ¦al-ˌkān-¦thī-ˌȯl How to pronounce alkanethiol (audio)
plural alkanethiols
: any of various hydrocarbon polymers also containing sulfur that are deposited on a surface (such as gold) in a monolayer typically in order to create an electronic circuit
… described how he and his colleagues have used self-assembling hydrocarbon molecules, called alkanethiols, to form ordered rows on a gold surface.Gary Stix, Scientific American, April 1996

Word History


alkane + thiol

First Known Use

1946, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of alkanethiol was in 1946

Love words?

You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.

Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with:

  • More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary
  • Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes
  • Advanced search features
  • Ad free!

Dictionary Entries Near alkanethiol

Cite this Entry

“Alkanethiol.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 22 Feb. 2024.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!