af·​fen·​pin·​scher | \ ˈa-fən-ˌpin-chər How to pronounce affenpinscher (audio) \

Definition of affenpinscher

: any of a breed of toy dogs with a wiry black, red, tan, or gray coat, erect ears, large round eyes, and bushy eyebrows, chin tuft, and mustache

First Known Use of affenpinscher

1880, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for affenpinscher

borrowed from German, from Affe "monkey" (going back to Middle High German affe, going back to Old High German affo) + Pinscher, any of various small to medium dog breeds with docked tails and cropped ears (perhaps borrowed from English Pincher, given name for dogs in the early 19th century); from its monkeyish face — more at ape entry 1

Note: Pinscher is attested as a breed name in Germany as early as 1812 (Berlinische Nachrichten von Staats- und gelehrten Sachen, No. 107, 5. Sept. 1812), though the physical characteristics of the dog at that period are not known. Affenpinscher is known in German from 1852.

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The first known use of affenpinscher was in 1880

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Cite this Entry

“Affenpinscher.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 10 May. 2021.

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