adytum

noun ad·y·tum \ ˈa-də-təm \
Updated on: 15 Nov 2017

Definition of adytum

plural adyta play \-tə\
: the innermost sanctuary in an ancient temple open only to priests : sanctum

Origin and Etymology of adytum

borrowed from Latin adytum, borrowed from Greek ádyton, neuter of ádytos "not to be entered," from a- 2a- + -dytos, verbal adjective of dýein "to enter, make one's way into, sink," of uncertain origin
Note: Supposed kinship of the Greek verb with a Sanskrit gerundive upādútyaḥ "to be put on (of a belt)" is apparently groundless, as the Sanskrit word should properly be read as "to be burnt" and hence belongs with Sanskrit dunóti "(s/he) burns," Homeric Greek dédēe "blazes up" (see Karl Hoffmann, "Materialen zum altindischen Verbum," Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung, Band 79 [1965], pp. 177-81). The Greek verb is thus deprived of any secure Indo-European comparisons, with the possible exception of Armenian enerk "immersed (something)."


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