adipocyte

noun
ad·​i·​po·​cyte | \ ˈa-di-pō-ˌsīt How to pronounce adipocyte (audio) \

Definition of adipocyte

: a specialized cell of adipose tissue that stores excess energy in the form of triglyceride droplets and secretes various substances (such as leptin) that play a role in various physiological processes (such as regulation of food intake or lipid metabolism) : fat cell

Note: When the body requires additional energy, the droplets of triglycerides contained in adipocytes undergo enzymatic hydrolysis to produce free fatty acids and glycerol.

When we eat energy-rich foods, our bodies have to store any excess energy not burned up by physical activity. Most is stored as fat in adipocytes, but when these eventually fill up, excess lipid spills over into other tissues …— Phyllida Brown Leptin is an adipocyte-derived circulating hormone that provides information to the brain about energy stores.— I. Sadaf Farooqi et al.

First Known Use of adipocyte

1906, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for adipocyte

probably borrowed from French, from adipo- adipo- + -cyte -cyte

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The first known use of adipocyte was in 1906

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Cite this Entry

“Adipocyte.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adipocytes. Accessed 19 January 2020.

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More Definitions for adipocyte

adipocyte

noun
ad·​i·​po·​cyte | \ ˈad-ə-pə-ˌsīt How to pronounce adipocyte (audio) \

Medical Definition of adipocyte

: a specialized cell of adipose tissue that stores excess energy in the form of triglyceride droplets and secretes various substances (as leptin) that play a role in various physiological processes (as regulation of food intake or lipid metabolism) : fat cell

Note: When the body requires additional energy, the droplets of triglycerides contained in adipocytes undergo enzymatic hydrolysis to produce free fatty acids and glycerol.

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