acrylonitrile

noun
ac·​ry·​lo·​ni·​trile | \ ˌa-krə-lō-ˈnī-trəl How to pronounce acrylonitrile (audio) , -ˌtrēl \

Definition of acrylonitrile

: a colorless volatile flammable liquid nitrile C3H3N used chiefly in organic synthesis and for polymerization

Examples of acrylonitrile in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Skip the lipids and try another molecule known as acrylonitrile. Charlie Wood, Popular Science, 5 Mar. 2020 One of Zoltek ZRT’s main suppliers of acrylonitrile was Belarusian firm OJSC Polymir, which was bought in December 2008 by a company called Naftan, a subsidiary of the Belarusian State Concern for Oil and Chemistry, known as Belneftekhim. Samuel Rubenfeld, WSJ, 21 Dec. 2018 The Hungarian unit of Zoltek, known as Zoltek ZRT, is a large buyer of acrylonitrile, a key chemical component in carbon fiber. Samuel Rubenfeld, WSJ, 21 Dec. 2018 People who used e-cigarettes had roughly 19 percent more lead, 23 percent more of the heavy metal cadmium, 20 percent more pyrene (a biomarker of carcinogens that are linked to heart attacks), and 66 percent more acrylonitrile in their urine. Rachel Becker, The Verge, 14 Dec. 2018 Those who preferred fruit flavors tended to use e-cigs more frequently and also had significantly higher levels of one toxin in particular (a cancer-causing chemical known as acrylonitrile). Consumer Reports, Washington Post, 28 May 2018 Both forms of cigarette use caused the presence of much higher levels of dangerous chemicals in the users’ bodies, including acrylonitrile, acrolein, propylene oxide, acrylamide and crotonaldehyde, the team reported. Benjamin Fearnow, Newsweek, 6 Mar. 2018 Those who used both types of cigarette had significantly higher levels of dangerous chemicals, including acrylonitrile, acrolein, propylene oxide, acrylamide and crotonaldehyde, the team reported. Maggie Fox /, NBC News, 5 Mar. 2018 This also helps explain carbon fiber’s high price, as just the acrylonitrile itself—two pounds of which are required for each pound of finished product—accounts for more than half of the production cost of carbon fiber. Bengt Halvorson, Car and Driver, 29 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'acrylonitrile.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of acrylonitrile

1893, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for acrylonitrile

borrowed from French, from acrylique acrylic entry 1 + -o- -o- + nitrile nitrile

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Time Traveler for acrylonitrile

Time Traveler

The first known use of acrylonitrile was in 1893

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Cite this Entry

“Acrylonitrile.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acrylonitrile. Accessed 24 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for acrylonitrile

acrylonitrile

noun
ac·​ry·​lo·​ni·​trile | \ ˌak-rə-lō-ˈnī-trəl How to pronounce acrylonitrile (audio) , -ˌtrēl How to pronounce acrylonitrile (audio) \

Medical Definition of acrylonitrile

: a colorless volatile flammable liquid nitrile C3H3N used chiefly in organic synthesis and for polymerization

More from Merriam-Webster on acrylonitrile

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about acrylonitrile

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