ac·​ry·​lo·​ni·​trile | \ ˌa-krə-lō-ˈnī-trəl How to pronounce acrylonitrile (audio) , -ˌtrēl \

Definition of acrylonitrile

: a colorless volatile flammable liquid nitrile C3H3N used chiefly in organic synthesis and for polymerization

Examples of acrylonitrile in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web While their output of 3,432 pounds of acrylonitrile is small, the toxicity is more potent than many others, as determined by the EPA. Zachary Smith, cleveland, 6 July 2022 This is due to the release of acrylonitrile and 1,3-butadiene AT&F releases chromium and nickel into the air. Zachary Smith, cleveland, 6 July 2022 Naphthalene is associated with anemia, liver and neurological damage, while acrylamide and acrylonitrile have been associated with cancer and other health issues. Sandee Lamotte, CNN, 27 June 2022 Skip the lipids and try another molecule known as acrylonitrile. Charlie Wood, Popular Science, 5 Mar. 2020 One of Zoltek ZRT’s main suppliers of acrylonitrile was Belarusian firm OJSC Polymir, which was bought in December 2008 by a company called Naftan, a subsidiary of the Belarusian State Concern for Oil and Chemistry, known as Belneftekhim. Samuel Rubenfeld, WSJ, 21 Dec. 2018 The Hungarian unit of Zoltek, known as Zoltek ZRT, is a large buyer of acrylonitrile, a key chemical component in carbon fiber. Samuel Rubenfeld, WSJ, 21 Dec. 2018 People who used e-cigarettes had roughly 19 percent more lead, 23 percent more of the heavy metal cadmium, 20 percent more pyrene (a biomarker of carcinogens that are linked to heart attacks), and 66 percent more acrylonitrile in their urine. Rachel Becker, The Verge, 14 Dec. 2018 Those who preferred fruit flavors tended to use e-cigs more frequently and also had significantly higher levels of one toxin in particular (a cancer-causing chemical known as acrylonitrile). Consumer Reports, Washington Post, 28 May 2018 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'acrylonitrile.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of acrylonitrile

1893, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for acrylonitrile

borrowed from French, from acrylique acrylic entry 1 + -o- -o- + nitrile nitrile

Learn More About acrylonitrile

Time Traveler for acrylonitrile

Time Traveler

The first known use of acrylonitrile was in 1893

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near acrylonitrile

acrylic resin



See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for acrylonitrile

Last Updated

3 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Acrylonitrile.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 10 Aug. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for acrylonitrile


ac·​ry·​lo·​ni·​trile | \ ˌak-rə-lō-ˈnī-trəl How to pronounce acrylonitrile (audio) , -ˌtrēl How to pronounce acrylonitrile (audio) \

Medical Definition of acrylonitrile

: a colorless volatile flammable liquid nitrile C3H3N used chiefly in organic synthesis and for polymerization

More from Merriam-Webster on acrylonitrile Encyclopedia article about acrylonitrile


Test Your Vocabulary

Odd Habits and Quirks

  • image1926873504
  • Which of the following best describes an easily irritated person?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!