ab·​sti·​nence | \ ˈab-stə-nən(t)s How to pronounce abstinence (audio) \

Definition of abstinence

1 : the practice of abstaining from something : the practice of not doing or having something that is wanted or enjoyable … ate with a haste and an apparent relish, that seemed to betoken long abstinence from food.— Walter Scott
2a : habitual abstaining from intoxicating beverages
b : abstention from sexual intercourse

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Other Words from abstinence

abstinent \ -​nənt How to pronounce abstinent (audio) \ adjective
abstinently adverb

Examples of abstinence in a Sentence

The program promoted sexual abstinence for young people. a cleric vainly preaching abstinence in a world where self-indulgence is regarded as almost a virtue

Recent Examples on the Web

The prescription: a month of abstinence from all except the essentials, like work email and texts with family. Alexander George, Popular Mechanics, "A Computer Scientist's Guide To Dumping the Needless Tech In Your Life," 25 Feb. 2019 In addition to abstinence, which is already taught, students will learn that PrEP and condoms can help prevent transmission of the virus. Debbie Truong, Washington Post, "Fairfax students to learn about HIV prevention pill in health classes," 18 June 2018 Seven participants have died in the last year, all of them after a period of abstinence in jail, in the hospital, or in detox, which can dangerously lower a person’s opioid tolerance. Aubrey Whelan, Philly.com, "Philadelphia clears its heroin camps this week. This housing program could be a key," 29 May 2018 The notes and emails showed that three appointees with strict pro-abstinence beliefs — including Valerie Huber, the then-chief of staff for the department's Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health — guided the process to end the program. NBC News, "HHS agrees to protect some funds for teen pregnancy prevention program," 28 Mar. 2018 Of course, internet abstinence feels a lot easier with the promise of relaxation and luxury as a reward. Carrie Battan, Harper's BAZAAR, "Escaping the Seduction of Your Smartphone," 26 July 2018 The New York Mets prospect was rumored to be dating Olivia Culpo a few years ago and allegedly broke up because of his abstinence pledge. Ryan Gaydos, Fox News, "Tim Tebow confirms he's dating Miss Universe 2017 Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters," 16 July 2018 Teyonah Parris plays Lysistrata, who coaxes her friends to unite with her in abstinence until their lovers put down their guns. Noel Murray, The Verge, "The BlacKkKlansman team previously made the daring Chi-Raq, now streaming on Amazon," 10 Aug. 2018 Nearly 2,000 of them were born with what's called newborn abstinence syndrome. Fox News, "Mom's prenatal opioids may stunt kids' learning, study finds," 30 Aug. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abstinence.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abstinence

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for abstinence

Middle English, borrowed from Anglo-French, borrowed from Latin abstinentia, noun derivative of abstinent-, abstinens, present participle of abstinēre "to abstain"

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Last Updated

11 Mar 2019

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Time Traveler for abstinence

The first known use of abstinence was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for abstinence


ab·​sti·​nence | \ ˈab-stə-nəns How to pronounce abstinence (audio) \

Kids Definition of abstinence

: an avoidance by choice especially of certain foods or of liquor


ab·​sti·​nence | \ ˈab-stə-nən(t)s How to pronounce abstinence (audio) \

Medical Definition of abstinence

: the act or practice of abstaining especially from engagement in sexual intercourse or consumption of intoxicating beverages

Other Words from abstinence

abstinent \ -​nənt How to pronounce abstinent (audio) \ adjective

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Comments on abstinence

What made you want to look up abstinence? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to boil down or concentrate

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