Definition of absorb
1a : to take in (something, such as water) in a natural or gradual way <a sponge absorbs water> <charcoal absorbs gas> <plant roots absorb water>b : to take in (knowledge, attitudes, etc.) : acquire, learn < … convictions absorbed in youth … — M. R. Cohen>c : use up, consume <The fever absorbed her strength.> <His work absorbs all his time and attention.>
2 : to take in and make part of an existent whole <the capacity of a country to absorb new immigrants>
3 : to engage or engross wholly <an interest that absorbs her completely> <absorbed in thought>
4a (1) : to receive without recoil or echo <provided with a sound-absorbing surface> (2) : endure, sustain <absorbing hardships> (3) : assume, bear <The expenses were absorbed by the company.>b : to transform (radiant energy) into a different form especially with a resulting rise in temperature <The earth absorbs the sun's rays.>
absorbabilityplay \əb-ˌsȯr-bə-ˈbi-lə-tē, -ˌzȯr-\ noun
absorbableplay \əb-ˈsȯr-bə-bəl, -ˈzȯr-\ adjective
Examples of absorb in a sentence
a fabric that absorbs sweat
The walls are made of a material that absorbs sound.
absorbing heat from the sun
She is good at absorbing information.
He has retained the values that he absorbed as a young man.
a country that has absorbed many immigrants
smaller countries invaded and absorbed by bigger ones
His interest in photography absorbs him completely.
I was so absorbed by her story that I lost track of time.
Origin and Etymology of absorb
Anglo-French asorbir to swallow up, from Latin absorbēre, from ab- + sorbēre to suck up; akin to Lithuanian surbti to sip, Greek rophein to gulp down
First Known Use: 15th century
ABSORB Defined for Kids
Definition of absorb for Students
1 : to take in or swallow up <A sponge absorbs water.>
2 : to hold the complete attention of <She was absorbed by the movie.>
3 : to receive without giving back <The walls of the theater absorb sound.>
Medical Definition of absorb
1: to take up especially by capillary, osmotic, solvent, or chemical action <surgical sutures which can be absorbed by the body> <the blood in the lungs absorbs oxygen>
2: to transform (radiant energy) into a different form usually with a resulting rise in temperature <chlorophyll reflects green light and absorbs the other colors of light>
Legal Definition of absorb
1 : to make (a right guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution) applicable to the states
2a : to bear or assume the burden of <expenses were absorbed by the company> b : to lessen the tax liability for <has other losses to absorb the income — D. Q. Posin>
Seen and Heard
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