Definition of absorb
1a : to take in (something, such as water) in a natural or gradual way a sponge absorbs water charcoal absorbs gas plant roots absorb waterb : to take in (knowledge, attitudes, etc.) : acquire, learn … convictions absorbed in youth … — M. R. Cohenc : use up, consume The fever absorbed her strength. His work absorbs all his time and attention.
2 : to take in and make part of an existent whole the capacity of a country to absorb new immigrants
3 : to engage or engross wholly an interest that absorbs her completely absorbed in thought
4a (1) : to receive without recoil or echo provided with a sound-absorbing surface (2) : endure, sustain absorbing hardships (3) : assume, bear The expenses were absorbed by the company.b : to transform (radiant energy) into a different form especially with a resulting rise in temperature The earth absorbs the sun's rays.
absorbabilityplay \əb-ˌsȯr-bə-ˈbi-lə-tē, -ˌzȯr-\ noun
absorbableplay \əb-ˈsȯr-bə-bəl, -ˈzȯr-\ adjective
Examples of absorb in a sentence
a fabric that absorbs sweat
The walls are made of a material that absorbs sound.
absorbing heat from the sun
She is good at absorbing information.
He has retained the values that he absorbed as a young man.
a country that has absorbed many immigrants
smaller countries invaded and absorbed by bigger ones
His interest in photography absorbs him completely.
I was so absorbed by her story that I lost track of time.
Origin and Etymology of absorb
Anglo-French asorbir to swallow up, from Latin absorbēre, from ab- + sorbēre to suck up; akin to Lithuanian surbti to sip, Greek rophein to gulp down
First Known Use: 15th century
ABSORB Defined for Kids
Definition of absorb for Students
1 : to take in or swallow up A sponge absorbs water.
2 : to hold the complete attention of She was absorbed by the movie.
3 : to receive without giving back The walls of the theater absorb sound.
Medical Definition of absorb
1: to take up especially by capillary, osmotic, solvent, or chemical action surgical sutures which can be absorbed by the body the blood in the lungs absorbs oxygen
2: to transform (radiant energy) into a different form usually with a resulting rise in temperature chlorophyll reflects green light and absorbs the other colors of light
Legal Definition of absorb
1 : to make (a right guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution) applicable to the states
2a : to bear or assume the burden of expenses were absorbed by the company b : to lessen the tax liability for has other losses to absorb the income — D. Q. Posin
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