absent

adjective
ab·​sent | \ ˈab-sənt How to pronounce absent (audio) \

Definition of absent

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : not present at a usual or expected place : missing was absent from class today sharing memories of absent friends She was conspicously absent [=her absence was very noticeable] at the meeting.
2 : not existing : lacking … danger in a situation where power is absent— M. H. Trytten a gene that occurs in mammals but is absent in birds
3 : showing a lack of attention to what is happening or being said : not attentive had an absent look on her face an absent reply

absent

verb
ab·​sent | \ ab-ˈsent How to pronounce absent (audio) , ˈab-ˌsent\
absented; absenting; absents

Definition of absent (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

: to keep (oneself) away He absented himself from the meeting.
ab·​sent | \ ˈab-sənt How to pronounce absent (audio) \

Definition of absent (Entry 3 of 3)

US, formal
: in the absence of (something) : without Absent any objections, the plan will proceed.

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Other Words from absent

Adjective

absently adverb
He replied absently to her question.

Synonyms & Antonyms for absent

Synonyms: Adjective

Synonyms: Preposition

Antonyms: Adjective

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Choose the Right Synonym for absent

Adjective

abstracted, preoccupied, absent, absentminded, distracted mean inattentive to what claims or demands consideration. abstracted implies absorption of the mind in something other than one's surroundings, and often suggests reflection on weighty matters. walking about with an abstracted air preoccupied often implies having one's attention so taken up by thoughts as to neglect others. too preoccupied with her debts to enjoy the meal absent stresses inability to fix the mind on present concerns due more to mental wandering than to concentration on other matters. an absent stare absentminded implies that the mind is fixed elsewhere and often refers to a habit of abstractedness. so absentminded, he's been known to wear mismatched shoes distracted may suggest an inability to concentrate caused by worry, sorrow, or anxiety. was too distracted by grief to continue working

Examples of absent in a Sentence

Adjective an absent father who is not home most of the time a gene that occurs in mammals but that is absent in birds a landscape in which vegetation is almost entirely absent He made an absent reply to her question as he continued to watch the TV. Preposition Absent any objections, the plan will proceed. Absent such an agreement we can go no further.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Community leaders said the project won’t be a village, because that implies a self-sufficiency that will be absent without a retail component or offices with jobs for residents. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Controversial 300-home subdivision proposed for university campus," 15 Sep. 2019 Yet, when Trump made a June visit to the Demilitarized Zone dividing the Korean Peninsula to meet with Kim, Bolton was conspicuously absent -- meeting with officials in Mongolia instead. Bloomberg News, oregonlive, "Donald Trump fires John Bolton after tumultuous tenure," 10 Sep. 2019 Charcoal and pieces of rock from the ensuing tsunami’s backflow were discovered, although sulfur was notably absent, according to researchers. Fox News, "Day the dinosaurs died: Asteroid impact site reveals devastation from power of 10 billion A-bombs," 10 Sep. 2019 Hoda Kotb returned to the Today show Tuesday morning after being absent for over four months for her maternity leave. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "'Today' Star Hoda Kotb's Latest Instagram Quote Is a Sweet Tribute to Her TV Family," 3 Sep. 2019 Teresa has spoken about the difficulties of having Joe absent for Gia, Gabriella, 15, Milania, 14, and Audriana, 10. Robyn Merrett, PEOPLE.com, "Teresa Giudice Poses in Newspaper Dress in Mykonos After Being Spotted Without Her Wedding Ring," 29 Aug. 2019 Nick had a lot to do in the front half of the season, and then was absent for the back episodes. Emma Dibdin, Harper's BAZAAR, "Max Minghella Talks Nick's Future on The Handmaid's Tale," 28 Aug. 2019 Councilman Tony Brancatelli, who chairs the committee and who had publicly shared concerns about resources and implementation related to the legislation, was absent from the hearing. Rachel Dissell, cleveland.com, "Cleveland lead-safe legislation ‘one step closer’ to passing," 23 July 2019 On Saturday afternoon, as anger and doubt began to swirl around the program in the wake of a 30-27 loss at Brigham Young, Harrell was entirely absent from postgame proceedings. Ryan Kartje, Los Angeles Times, "Clay Helton defends USC’s play calling and Graham Harrell," 15 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Elliot has been absent since training camp began in July. Emily Caron, SI.com, "Ezekiel Elliot Contract Rumors: Cowboys' Star Flying Back to Dallas as Deal Nears," 3 Sep. 2019 Adding to the economic woes, the country's despotic leader, Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, has been conspicuously absent since mid-July, appearing just three times on state media, which once reported almost daily on the president's activities. CNN, "A hermit nation ruled by an egomaniac: Is Turkmenistan on the brink of collapse?," 10 Aug. 2019 He had been noticeably absent in his role on Alabama football radio broadcasts this season with the explanation that doctors had not yet cleared him for a return. Michael Casagrande | Mcasagrande@al.com, al, "Alabama broadcaster Chris Stewart back in hospital after post-surgery setback," 11 Sep. 2019 The Democratic presidential candidates form a chorus line and display a unity that has been notably absent from the recent debates. Peter Spiliakos, National Review, "The Simpsons and the Cowardice of Tribal Comedy," 28 Aug. 2019 Elliott, the star running back for the Cowboys (10-6 in 2018), has been absent from training camp in a contract dispute. oregonlive.com, "Dallas Cowboys vs. Los Angeles Rams in NFL preseason: Time, score, TV channel, how to watch live stream online," 17 Aug. 2019 Also indicted were the four LLCs that owned the warehouses, which face the same charges, absent the money laundering counts. Los Angeles Times, "Chinese billionaire used L.A. as base for audacious aluminum scam that cost U.S. $1.8 billion, feds say," 1 Aug. 2019 As Days fans will recall, the eponymous, fan-favorite couple (Billy Flynn and Kate Mansi) have been absent from Salem for several months, having left to reconnect in the City of Love. Tyler Aquilina, EW.com, "See Chad and Abby in Paris in new Days of Our Lives digital series clip," 29 July 2019 One type of complexion makeup has been conspicuously absent from the Blur collection — and the Milk Makeup line as a whole — however: powder. Marci Robin, Allure, "Milk Makeup's Brand-New Blur + Set Matte Loose Setting Powder Is Unbelievably Light," 1 Aug. 2018 Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018 Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018 Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018 Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018 Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018 Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018 Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018 Under no circumstances should Brett Kavanaugh be confirmed absent a full and complete investigation. Kaitlyn Schallhorn, Fox News, "Kavanaugh confirmation derailed by sexual misconduct allegations: A list of his accusers," 27 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'absent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of absent

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Preposition

1944, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for absent

Adjective

Middle English, borrowed from Anglo-French, borrowed from Latin absent-, absens, present participle of abesse "to be away, be absent," from ab- ab- + -sens, present participle (attested only with prefixes) of esse "to be" — more at is entry 1

Verb

Middle English absenten, borrowed from Anglo-French absenter, borrowed from Late Latin absentāre, verbal derivative of Latin absent-, absens absent entry 1

Preposition

derivative of absent entry 1

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Statistics for absent

Last Updated

24 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for absent

The first known use of absent was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for absent

absent

adjective
ab·​sent | \ ˈab-sənt How to pronounce absent (audio) \

Kids Definition of absent

1 : not present I missed a field trip when I was absent.
2 : not existing Trees were absent from the desert landscape.
3 : showing a lack of attention an absent stare

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More from Merriam-Webster on absent

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for absent

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with absent

Spanish Central: Translation of absent

Nglish: Translation of absent for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of absent for Arabic Speakers

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