abrup·​tion ə-ˈbrəp-shən How to pronounce abruption (audio)
: a sudden breaking off or away

Examples of abruption in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In September 2020, Teigen lost a baby at 20 weeks due to a partial placenta abruption. Chris Gardner, The Hollywood Reporter, 28 June 2023 In her Medium story, Chrissy shared that she had been diagnosed with a placental abruption, which is what happens when the placenta separates from the inner wall of the uterus before birth, causing the baby to be deprived of oxygen and nutrients, per the March of Dimes. Korin Miller, Women's Health, 28 June 2023 The complication, known as placental abruption, can lead to stillbirth. Maira Garcia, Los Angeles Times, 5 May 2023 About a month ahead of her due date, Sophie experienced a placental abruption and had an emergency cesarean section. Jacqueline Weiss, Peoplemag, 3 May 2023 Due to a placental abruption, which caused severe blood loss to both Countess Sophie and Lady Louise, she was delivered by the Royal Surgeon and Gynecologist Marcus Setchell via emergency Caesarean section. Chanel Vargas, Town & Country, 12 May 2022 Theilen also sees the potential to predict other pregnancy complications related to whether the placenta is implanting normally, including fetal growth restriction, placental abruption (when the placenta separates from the inner wall of the uterus before birth), and preterm birth. Elizabeth Cooney, STAT, 9 Jan. 2022 But this was my first abruption. Rania Aniftos, Billboard, 27 Oct. 2020 River being premature with his complications (placental abruption) weren't surprising. Angela Andaloro, Peoplemag, 2 Mar. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'abruption.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


borrowed from Latin abruptiōn-, abruptiō, from abrup-, variant stem of abrumpere "to break off short" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrupt

First Known Use

1606, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of abruption was in 1606

Dictionary Entries Near abruption

Cite this Entry

“Abruption.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abruption. Accessed 23 Sep. 2023.

Medical Definition


ab·​rup·​tion a-ˈbrəp-shən, ə- How to pronounce abruption (audio)
: a sudden breaking off : detachment of portions from a mass
placental abruption
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