geographical name
Rus·​sia | \ ˈrə-shə How to pronounce Russia (audio) \
variants: or Russian Rossiya \ rä-​ˈsē-​yə How to pronounce Rossiya (audio) \

Definition of Russia

1 or officially Russian Federation independent country in eastern Europe and northern Asia bordering on the Arctic and Pacific oceans and on the Baltic and Black seas and covering the largest area of any country in the world; capital Moscow area 6,592,812 square miles (17,075,383 square kilometers), population 143,300,000

Note: From 1922 to 1991, Russia was a constituent republic of the U.S.S.R. called the Russian Republic .

2 the U.S.S.R. a common usage despite the fact that the U.S.S.R. included other republics besides Russia
3 or formerly Muscovy \ ˈmə-​skə-​vē How to pronounce Muscovy (audio) \ former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia coextensive (except for Finland and Kars, a mountainous region now in northeastern Turkey) with the U.S.S.R.; capital Saint Petersburg

see also russ, russian

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More from Merriam-Webster on Russia

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with Russia

Spanish Central: Translation of Russia

Nglish: Translation of Russia for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of Russia for Arabic Speakers

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