variants or Russian Rossiya
or officially Russian Federation independent country in eastern Europe and northern Asia bordering on the Arctic and Pacific oceans and on the Baltic and Black seas and covering the largest area of any country in the world; capital Moscow area 6,601,668 square miles (17,098,242 square kilometers), population 142,123,000
Note: From 1922 to 1991, Russia was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union called the Russian Republic .
or formerly Muscovy former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia coextensive (except for Finland and Kars, a mountainous region now in northeastern Turkey) with the Soviet Union; capital Saint Petersburg
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