Purkinje cell

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noun Pur·kin·je cell \(ˌ)pər-ˈkin-jē-\

Definition of Purkinje cell

  1. :  any of numerous nerve cells that occupy the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex and are characterized by a large globose body with massive dendrites directed outward and a single slender axon directed inward

Origin and Etymology of purkinje cell

Jan Purkinje


First Known Use: circa 1890


Medical Dictionary

Purkinje cell

noun Pur·kin·je cell

Medical Definition of Purkinje cell

  1. :  any of numerous nerve cells that occupy the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex and are characterized by a large globe-shaped body with massive dendrites directed outward and a single slender axon directed inward—called also Purkinje neuron


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