Purkinje cell

noun

Pur·​kin·​je cell (ˌ)pər-ˈkin-jē- How to pronounce Purkinje cell (audio)
: any of numerous nerve cells that occupy the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex and are characterized by a large globose body with massive dendrites directed outward and a single slender axon directed inward

Word History

Etymology

Jan Purkinje

First Known Use

circa 1890, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of Purkinje cell was circa 1890

Dictionary Entries Near Purkinje cell

Cite this Entry

“Purkinje cell.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Purkinje%20cell. Accessed 5 Feb. 2023.

Medical Definition

Purkinje cell

noun
: any of numerous nerve cells that occupy the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex and are characterized by a large globe-shaped body with massive dendrites directed outward and a single slender axon directed inward

called also Purkinje neuron

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