geographical name
Pe·​ru | \ pə-ˈrü How to pronounce Peru (audio) , pā- \

Definition of Peru

1 country in western South America on the Pacific coast south of the Equator; a republic; capital Lima area 496,225 square miles (1,285,216 square kilometers), population 31,331,000
2 Spanish viceroyalty 1542–1718 comprising modern Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and a large portion of modern Brazil; capital Lima

Other Words from Peru

Peruvian \ pə-​ˈrü-​vē-​ən How to pronounce Peru (audio) \ adjective or noun

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Cite this Entry

“Peru.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 May. 2021.

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More from Merriam-Webster on Peru

Nglish: Translation of Peru for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of Peru for Arabic Speakers

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