Persian

noun

Per·​sian ˈpər-zhən How to pronounce Persian (audio)
 especially British  -shən
1
: one of the people of Persia: such as
a
: one of the ancient Iranians who under Cyrus and his successors founded an empire in southwest Asia
b
: a member of one of the peoples forming the modern Iranian nationality
2
a
: any of several Iranian languages dominant in Persia at different periods
b
: the modern language of Iran and western Afghanistan see Indo-European Languages Table
3
: a thin soft silk formerly used especially for linings
4
Persian adjective

Examples of Persian in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web After the 1979 Iranian Revolution flipped Tehran from friend to enemy, however, Washington put its hopes in a balance of power, manipulating aid to both Iraq and Iran during their brutal war to prevent either country from dominating the Persian Gulf. Gideon Rose, Foreign Affairs, 20 Feb. 2024 From there, some branches of the language moved eastward and gave rise to languages including Persian and Hindustani. Kurt Kleiner, Discover Magazine, 16 Feb. 2024 Meanwhile, the adults-only Persian Garden area in the spa is ideal for wellness-seeking cruisers. Lauren Dana Ellman, Travel + Leisure, 15 Feb. 2024 The narrow waters of the Persian Gulf and chokepoints like the Strait of Hormuz and Yemen’s Bab-el Mandeb only magnify this dilemma. Gil Barndollar, TIME, 12 Feb. 2024 There are fears the Israel-Hamas war could spread to other countries in the region, particularly Iran, and lead to disruption of shipping through the Strait of Hormuz at the end of the Persian Gulf. David McHugh and Matthew Daly, Quartz, 7 Feb. 2024 Houston released it as a single later that month, with the proceeds going to soldiers involved in the Persian Gulf War and their families. Rachel Yang, EW.com, 5 Feb. 2024 His administration invited other Arab countries, especially from the Persian Gulf, to explore a new relationship with Israel. Tracy Wilkinson, Los Angeles Times, 1 Feb. 2024 In most months in 2023, the U.S. imported more crude oil from Mexico than from all Persian Gulf countries combined. The Editors, National Review, 30 Jan. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'Persian.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of Persian was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near Persian

Cite this Entry

“Persian.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Persian. Accessed 23 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

Persian

noun
Per·​sian ˈpər-zhən How to pronounce Persian (audio)
1
: a native or inhabitant of ancient Persia or modern Iran
2
: the language of the Persians
Persian adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on Persian

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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