Pen·​ta·​teuch ˈpen-tə-ˌtük How to pronounce Pentateuch (audio)
: the first five books of Jewish and Christian Scriptures

Did you know?

Pentateuch means simply "five books". In Greek, the Pentateuch (which Jews call the Torah) includes the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These contain some of the oldest and most famous stories in the Bible, including those of Adam and Eve, Jacob and his brothers, and Moses, as well as some of the oldest codes of law known, including the Ten Commandments.

Examples of Pentateuch in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web After all, the Gospel is nothing if not a narrative, and the Hebrew Pentateuch is one good story after another. The New Yorker, 31 July 2023 The sacred scrolls, containing the Pentateuch in manuscript, were taken out and the passages referring to the Rosh Hashonoh were read from them. Merrie Monteagudo, San Diego Union-Tribune, 7 Sep. 2021

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'Pentateuch.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


Middle English Penteteuke, from Late Latin Pentateuchus, from Greek Pentateuchos, from penta- + teuchos tool, vessel, book, from teuchein to make — more at doughty

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of Pentateuch was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near Pentateuch

Cite this Entry

“Pentateuch.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 1 Dec. 2023.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!