Pen·​ta·​teuch | \ ˈpen-tə-ˌtük How to pronounce Pentateuch (audio) , -ˌtyük \

Definition of Pentateuch

: the first five books of Jewish and Christian Scriptures

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Pentateuch means simply "five books". In Greek, the Pentateuch (which Jews call the Torah) includes the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These contain some of the oldest and most famous stories in the Bible, including those of Adam and Eve, Jacob and his brothers, and Moses, as well as some of the oldest codes of law known, including the Ten Commandments.

First Known Use of Pentateuch

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for Pentateuch

Middle English Penteteuke, from Late Latin Pentateuchus, from Greek Pentateuchos, from penta- + teuchos tool, vessel, book, from teuchein to make — more at doughty

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The first known use of Pentateuch was in the 15th century

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Cite this Entry

“Pentateuch.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 23 Jan. 2021.

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