Israel

noun
Is·​ra·​el | \ˈiz-rē-əl, -(ˌ)rā- also ˈis- or ˈiz-rəl\

Definition of Israel 

(Entry 1 of 2)

2 : the Jewish people

3 : a people chosen by God

Israel

geographical name
Is·​ra·​el | \ˈiz-rē(-ə)l, -(ˌ)rā(-ə)l also ˈis- or ˈiz-rəl\

Definition of Israel (Entry 2 of 2)

1 kingdom in ancient Palestine comprising the lands occupied by the Hebrew people; established about 1025 b.c.; divided about 933 b.c. into a southern kingdom (Judah) and a northern kingdom (Israel)

2 or Northern Kingdom or Ephraim \ˈē-​frē-​əm \ the northern portion of the Hebrew kingdom after the division; capital Samaria

3 country in southwestern Asia bordering on the Mediterranean Sea in the northwest, the Sinai Peninsula in the southwest, the Gulf of Aqaba at the southern tip, and the Dead Sea on the east; a republic established 1948; capital Jerusalem area 7993 square miles (20,782 square kilometers), population 7,412,200 — see palestine — see also israeli entry 2

Other Words from Israel

Noun

Israel adjective

First Known Use of Israel

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for Israel

Noun

Middle English, from Old English, from Late Latin, from Greek Israēl, from Hebrew Yiśrā'ēl

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about Israel

Statistics for Israel

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for Israel

The first known use of Israel was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on Israel

Spanish Central: Translation of Israel

Nglish: Translation of Israel for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of Israel for Arabic Speakers

Comments on Israel

What made you want to look up Israel? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

the figure or shape of a crescent moon

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Late Autumn 2018 Words of the Day Quiz

  • frosted-autumn-leaves
  • Which is a synonym of yahoo?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!