Hardy-Weinberg law

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noun Har·dy-Wein·berg law \ ˌhär-dē-ˈwīn-ˌbərg- \
variants: or less commonly Hardy-Weinberg principle

Definition of Hardy-Weinberg law

:a fundamental principle of population genetics: population gene frequencies and genotype frequencies remain constant from generation to generation if mating is random and if mutation, selection, immigration, and emigration do not occur

Origin and Etymology of hardy-weinberg law

German H. Hardy †1947 English mathematician and W. Weinberg †1937 German physician


Medical Dictionary

Hardy-Weinberg law

noun Har·dy-Wein·berg law \ ˌhärd-ē-ˈwīn-ˌbərg- \

medical Definition of Hardy-Weinberg law

:a fundamental principle of population genetics that is approximately true for small populations and holds with increasing exactness for larger and larger populations: population gene frequencies and population genotype frequencies remain constant from generation to generation if mating is random and if mutation, selection, immigration, and emigration do not occur called also Hardy-Weinberg principle

Biographical Note for hardy-weinberg law

  • Weinberg \ˈvīn-berk\, Wilhelm (1862–1937), German physician and geneticist. Weinberg made important contributions in medicine and human genetics to the study of multiple births, population genetics, and medical statistics. He ranks as one of the founders of population genetics. Independently of Hardy and at about the same time, he discovered the law of population genetics that is now called the Hardy-Weinberg law after both of them. In his studies of population genetics, Weinberg took into account both genetic and environmental factors. He was the first geneticist to partition the total variance of phenotypes into genetic and environmental portions.

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