Gol·​con·​da | \ gäl-ˈkän-də How to pronounce Golconda (audio) \

Definition of Golconda

: a rich mine broadly : a source of great wealth

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In the 16th century, Golconda was the capital of the Qutb Shahi kingdom in southern India, near modern Hyderabad. The city was home to one of the most powerful Muslim sultanates in the region and was the center of a flourishing diamond trade. Magnificent diamonds were taken from the mines in the hills surrounding Golconda, including Darya-e Nur (meaning "sea of light"), at 185 carats, the largest and finest diamond of the crown jewels of Iran. By the 1880s, "Golconda" was being used generically by English speakers to refer to any particularly rich mine, and later to any source of great wealth.

First Known Use of Golconda

1833, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for Golconda

Golconda, India, famous for its diamonds

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The first known use of Golconda was in 1833

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Dictionary Entries Near Golconda

Golan Heights



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Cite this Entry

“Golconda.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Golconda. Accessed 4 Jul. 2022.

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More Definitions for Golconda

Golconda geographical name

Gol·​con·​da | \ gäl-ˈkän-də How to pronounce Golconda (audio) \

Definition of Golconda

ruined city west of Hyderabad in western Telangana, central India; capital (1512–1687) of a Muslim sultanate

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