Cu·​pid | \ ˈkyü-pəd How to pronounce Cupid (audio) \

Definition of Cupid

1 : the Roman god of erotic love — compare eros
2 not capitalized : a figure that represents Cupid as a naked usually winged boy often holding a bow and arrow

Did You Know?

According to Roman mythology, Cupid was the son of Mercury, the messenger god, and Venus, the goddess of love. In Roman times, the winged "messenger of love" was sometimes depicted in armor, but no one is sure if that was intended as a sarcastic comment on the similarities between warfare and romance, or a reminder that love conquers all. Cupid was generally seen as a good spirit who brought happiness to all, but his matchmaking could cause mischief. Venus wasn't above using her son's power to get revenge on her rivals, and she once plotted to have the beautiful mortal Psyche fall in love with a despicable man. But the plan backfired: Cupid fell in love with Psyche, and she eventually became his immortal wife.

First Known Use of Cupid

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for Cupid

Latin Cupido

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The first known use of Cupid was in the 14th century

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Cite this Entry

“Cupid.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

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cu·​pid | \ ˈkyü-pəd \

Kids Definition of cupid

1 capitalized : the god of love in ancient Roman mythology
2 : a picture or statue of a naked child with wings holding a bow and arrow and symbolizing love

More from Merriam-Webster on Cupid

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with Cupid

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