Definition of Chromatium
: a genus of purple sulfur bacteria (family Thiorhodaceae) that are ovoid to bean-shaped or rod-shaped, motile by polar flagella, reddish from a mixture of bacteriochlorophyll and carotenoid pigments, and widely distributed in fresh or salt water, some having been reported also from soil
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Origin and Etymology of chromatium
New Latin, from chromat- + -ium
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