COVID-19

noun
\ ˈkō-vid-nīn-ˈtēn How to pronounce COVID-19 (audio) \
variants: or less commonly Covid-19 or covid-19 or COVID \ ˈkō-​vid How to pronounce COVID-19 (audio) \ or Covid or covid

Definition of COVID-19

1 : a mild to severe respiratory illness that is caused by a coronavirus (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 of the genus Betacoronavirus), is transmitted chiefly by contact with infectious material (such as respiratory droplets) or with objects or surfaces contaminated by the causative virus, and is characterized especially by fever, cough, and shortness of breath and may progress to pneumonia and respiratory failure

Note: While fever, cough, and shortness of breath are common symptoms of COVID-19, other symptoms may include fatigue, chills, body aches, headache, loss of taste or smell, sore throat, runny nose, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. COVID-19 was first identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019.

An infectious and deadly coronavirus that has killed thousands in China has spread to at least 44 countries, stirring fears that COVID-19 may soon become a pandemic.— Darryl Coote [Robert] Robbins said most of the positive cases are from asymptomatic individuals but there are reports of symptomatic cases showing up at the campus health clinic. In efforts to find its asymptomatic community members, the UA [University of Arizona] is "dramatically" increasing its testing capacity to complete 5,000 COVID-19 tests per week.— Shaq Davis After the Memorial Day and Fourth of July weekends, cases of Covid-19 surged around the country after people held family gatherings or congregated in large groups.— Tara Parker-Pope The viral outbreak officially became a pandemic in the eyes of the World Health Organization, which cited the alarming spread of the disease called covid-19 and the slow response of many nations to try to contain it.— Joel Achenbach et al. Due to the COVID pandemic, a private service will be held for the family on Saturday at 1:00 p.m. … — Obituary in Dayton (Ohio) Daily News

called also coronavirus, coronavirus disease, coronavirus disease 2019, CV-19, CV19

— see sars-cov-2
2 : the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 : sars-cov-2 The goal of the vaccine is to trick cells to produce antibodies against COVID-19's surface protein, thereby eliminating the virus with the body's own immune system.— Miriam Fauzia Germs exist on surfaces in our everyday living spaces, including viruses like Covid-19, says Professor Wendy Graham, who works at the department of infectious disease epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.— Aine Fox and Catherine Wylie

First Known Use of COVID-19

2020, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for COVID-19

coronavirus disease 2019

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Time Traveler for COVID-19

Time Traveler

The first known use of COVID-19 was in 2020

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Cite this Entry

“COVID-19.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/COVID-19. Accessed 23 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for COVID-19

COVID-19

noun
\ ˈkō-vid-nīn-ˈtēn How to pronounce COVID-19 (audio) \
variants: also Covid-19 or covid-19 or COVID \ ˈkō-​vid How to pronounce COVID-19 (audio) \ or Covid or covid

Medical Definition of COVID-19

1 : a mild to severe respiratory illness that is caused by a coronavirus (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 of the genus Betacoronavirus), is transmitted chiefly by contact with infectious material (as respiratory droplets) or with contact with objects or surfaces contaminated with the causative virus, and is characterized especially by fever, cough, and shortness of breath and may progress to pneumonia and respiratory failure

Note: While fever, cough, and shortness of breath are common symptoms of COVID-19, other symptoms may include fatigue, chills, body aches, headache, loss of taste or smell, sore throat, runny nose, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. COVID-19 was first identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019.

called also coronavirus, coronavirus disease, coronavirus disease 2019, CV-19, CV19

2 : the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 : sars-cov-2

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