Definition of Balkans
1 or Balkan Mountains mountain range of central Bulgaria extending from its border with Serbia to the Black Sea; highest point Botev Peak 7793 feet (2375 meters)
2 or Balkan Peninsula peninsula in southeastern Europe between the Adriatic and Ionian seas on the west and the Aegean and Black seas on the east
3 or Balkan States the countries occupying the Balkan Peninsula: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, and Turkey in Europe
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Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about Balkans
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