Apgar score

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noun Ap·gar score \ ˈap-ˌgär- \

Definition of Apgar score

:an index used to evaluate the condition of a newborn infant based on a rating of 0, 1, or 2 for each of the five characteristics of color, heart rate, response to stimulation of the sole of the foot, muscle tone, and respiration with 10 being a perfect score

Origin and Etymology of apgar score

Virginia Apgar †1974 American anesthesiologist


Medical Dictionary

Apgar score

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noun Ap·gar score \ ˈap-ˌgär-ˈskō(ə)r, -ˈskȯ(ə)r \

medical Definition of Apgar score

:an index used to evaluate the condition of a newborn infant based on a rating of 0, 1, or 2 for each of the five characteristics of color, heart rate, response to stimulation of the sole of the foot, muscle tone, and respiration with 10 being a perfect score

Biographical Note for apgar score

  • Apgar, Virginia (1909–1974), American physician. Apgar began her medical career as an anesthesiologist and was for many years an attending anesthesiologist. As a result of her duties in the hospital delivery room, she developed a concern for the lack of immediate medical attention given the newborn. To rectify the situation she developed the Apgar score as a simple, quick test to determine the need for emergency treatment. The test soon became a standard procedure in hospitals all over the world. Turning to the study of congenital anomalies, Apgar became an authority on teratology and proper prenatal care.

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