Medical Definition of sandfly fever
: a virus disease of brief duration that is characterized by fever, headache, pain in the eyes, malaise, and leukopenia and is caused by a bunyavirus of the genus Phlebovirus (especially species Sandfly fever Naples virus and species Sandfly fever Sicilian virus) transmitted by the bite of a sand fly of the genus Phlebotomus (especially P. papatasii)—called also pappataci fever, phlebotomus fever
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