stiff


1stiff

adjective \ˈstif\

: difficult to bend or move

: painful to move or use; also : showing pain in movement or use

: thick and difficult to stir or pour

Full Definition of STIFF

1
a :  not easily bent :  rigid <a stiff collar>
b :  lacking in suppleness or flexibility <stiff muscles>
c :  impeded in movement —used of a mechanism <a truck's stiff suspension>
d :  drunk 1a
2
a :  firm, resolute
b :  stubborn, unyielding
c :  proud
d (1) :  marked by reserve or decorum
(2) :  lacking in ease or grace :  stilted
3
:  hard fought <stiff competition>
4
a (1) :  exerting great force <a stiff wind> (2) :  forceful, vigorous
b :  potent <poured her a stiff drink>
5
:  of a dense or glutinous consistency :  thick
6
a :  harsh, severe <a stiff penalty>
b :  arduous, rugged <stiff terrain>
7
:  not easily heeled over by an external force (as the wind) <a stiff ship>
8
:  expensive, steep <paid a stiff price>
stiff·ish \ˈsti-fish\ adjective
stiff·ly adverb
stiff·ness noun

Examples of STIFF

  1. When I got out of bed this morning my back was stiff as a board.
  2. Beat the egg whites until they are stiff.

Origin of STIFF

Middle English stif, from Old English stīf; akin to Middle Dutch stijf stiff, Latin stipare to press together, Greek steibein to tread on
First Known Use: before 12th century

Synonym Discussion of STIFF

stiff, rigid, inflexible mean difficult to bend. stiff may apply to any degree of this condition <stretching keeps your muscles from becoming stiff>. rigid applies to something so stiff that it cannot be bent without breaking <a rigid surfboard>. inflexible stresses lack of suppleness or pliability <ski boots with inflexible soles>.

2stiff

adverb

: very much : to an extreme degree

Full Definition of STIFF

1
:  in a stiff manner :  stiffly
2
:  to an extreme degree :  severely <scared stiff> <bored stiff>
3
:  close enough to the hole for an easy putt in golf <hit it stiff and tapped it in for an easy birdie>

First Known Use of STIFF

13th century

3stiff

noun

: the body of a dead person

: a person who you think is lucky, unlucky, etc.

: an ordinary or dull person

Full Definition of STIFF

1
:  corpse
2
a :  vagrant, tramp
b :  a member of the working class; especially :  a blue-collar worker
c :  person <a lucky stiff>; especially :  a stodgy or excessively decorous person
3
:  flop, failure

Examples of STIFF

  1. That poor stiff never gets a break.
  2. They have the kind of luxuries the average working stiff can't afford.

First Known Use of STIFF

circa 1859

Related to STIFF

4stiff

verb

: to not give as much money as you should give to (someone)

Full Definition of STIFF

transitive verb
1
a :  to refuse to pay or tip <stiffed the waiter>
b :  cheat <stiffed him in a business deal>
c :  stick 7a <stiffed us with the bar bill>
2
:  snub 3 <stiffed sportswriters after the game>
intransitive verb
:  to fail commercially <the movie stiffed at the box office>

Examples of STIFF

  1. <the actress has a reputation for stiffing the press at red-carpet events>
  2. <customers who were too embarrassed to admit that they had been stiffed by an Internet company selling sexual aids>

First Known Use of STIFF

1950

stiff

adjective \ˈstif\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of STIFF

: lacking in suppleness <stiff muscles>
stiff·ness noun

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