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verb \ˈsplit\

Simple Definition of split

  • : to break apart or into pieces especially along a straight line

  • : to separate or divide into parts or groups

  • : to separate or divide into groups that disagree

Full Definition of split


  1. transitive verb
  2. 1a :  to divide lengthwise usually along a grain or seam or by layersb :  to affect as if by cleaving or forcing apart <the river splits the town in two>

  3. 2a (1) :  to tear or rend apart :  burst (2) :  to subject (an atom or atomic nucleus) to artificial disintegration by fissionb :  to affect as if by breaking up or tearing apart :  shatter <a roar that split the air>

  4. 3 :  to divide into parts or portions: asa :  to divide between persons :  shareb :  to divide into factions, parties, or groupsc :  to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different partiesd (1) :  to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents <split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids> (2) :  to remove by such separation <split off carbon dioxide>e :  to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value

  5. 4 :  to separate (the parts of a whole) by interposing something <split an infinitive>

  6. 5 :  leave <split the party> <split town>

  7. intransitive verb
  8. 1a :  to become split lengthwise or into layersb :  to break apart :  burst

  9. 2a :  to become divided up or separated off <split into factions> <split from the group>b :  to sever relations or connections :  separatec :  leave; especially :  to leave without delay <split for the coast>

  10. 3 British :  to betray confidence :  act as an informer —usually used with on

  11. 4 :  to apportion shares

split hairs
  1. :  to make oversubtle or trivial distinctions

split one's sides
  1. :  to laugh heartily

split the difference
  1. :  to arrive at a compromise

Examples of split

  1. The board split in two.

  2. The hull of the ship split apart on the rocks.

  3. A large chunk of ice split off from the iceberg and crashed into the water.

  4. She split the muffin and gave me half.

  5. The class split into several small groups.

  6. Two of the band members split off to form their own band.

  7. The teacher split the class into groups.

  8. The river splits the town in two.

  9. The party is split over the issue of taxes.

  10. The church split into moderate and conservative factions.

Origin of split

Dutch splitten, from Middle Dutch; akin to Middle High German splīzen to split and probably to Old High German spaltan to split

First Known Use: 1567

Synonym Discussion of split

tear, rip, rend, split, cleave, rive mean to separate forcibly. tear implies pulling apart by force and leaving jagged edges <tear up the letter>. rip implies a pulling apart in one rapid uninterrupted motion often along a line or joint <ripped the shirt on a nail>. rend implies very violent or ruthless severing or sundering <an angry mob rent the prisoner's clothes>. split implies a cutting or breaking apart in a continuous, straight, and usually lengthwise direction or in the direction of grain or layers <split logs for firewood>. cleave implies very forceful splitting or cutting with a blow <a bolt of lightning cleaved the giant oak>. rive occurs most often in figurative use <a political party riven by conflict>.

Rhymes with split




Definition of split

  1. 1 :  divided, fractured

  2. 2 :  prepared for use by splitting <split bamboo> <split hides>

  3. 3 :  heterozygous —used especially by breeders of cage birds sometimes with for

Examples of split

  1. <opinions are split on the subject>


First Known Use of split





Simple Definition of split

  • : a narrow break, tear, or crack

  • : a division or separation in a group that is caused by a disagreement

  • : a clear separation or difference between two or more things

Full Definition of split

  1. 1a :  a narrow break made by or as if by splittingb :  an arrangement of bowling pins left standing with space for pins between them

  2. 2 :  a piece split off or made thin by splitting

  3. 3a :  a division into or between divergent or antagonistic elements or forces <a cultural split>b :  a faction formed in this way

  4. 4a :  the act or process of splitting (as the stock of a corporation)b :  the act of lowering oneself to the floor or leaping into the air with legs extended at right angles to the trunk

  5. 5 :  a product of division by or as if by splitting

  6. 6 :  a wine bottle holding one quarter the usual amount or about .1875 liters (6 to 6.5 ounces); also :  the quantity held by a split

  7. 7 :  an ice cream sundae served over slices of fruit (as banana)

  8. 8 :  the recorded time at or for a specific part of a race

Examples of split

  1. There's a split down the back of your jacket.

  2. The new policy has caused a split in the organization.

  3. a split between liberals and conservatives

  4. a wide split of opinions


First Known Use of split



geographical name \ˈsplit\

Definition of Split

  1. city & port S Croatia on Dalmatian coast pop 200,459

Rhymes with split

Medical Dictionary


transitive verb \ˈsplit\

Medical Definition of split


  1. :  to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents <split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids>; also :  to remove by such separation

Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up split? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


February 12, 2016

of, relating to, or suggestive of marble

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