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1

scale

play
noun \ˈskāl\

Definition of scale

  1. 1a :  either pan or tray of a balanceb :  a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends —usually used in plural

  2. 2 :  an instrument or machine for weighing



Origin of scale

Middle English scole, scale bowl, scale of a balance, from Old Norse skāl; akin to Old Norse skel shell — more at shell


First Known Use: 14th century


2

scale

verb,

Definition of scale

scaledscaling

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to weigh in scales

  3. intransitive verb
  4. :  to have a specified weight on scales



1691

First Known Use of scale

1691

Other Weights and Measures Terms


3

scale

noun

Definition of scale

  1. 1a :  a small, flattened, rigid, and definitely circumscribed plate forming part of the external body covering especially of a fishb :  a small thin plate suggesting a fish scale <scales of mica> <the scales on a moth's wing>c :  the scaly covering of a scaled animal

  2. 2 :  a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin

  3. 3 :  a thin coating, layer, or incrustation: asa :  a usually black scaly coating of oxide forming on the surface of a metal (as iron) when it is heated for processingb :  a hard incrustation usually rich in sulfate of calcium that is deposited on the inside of a vessel (as a boiler) in which water is heated

  4. 4a :  a modified leaf protecting a seed plant bud before expansionb :  a thin, membranous, chaffy, or woody bract

  5. 5a :  any of the small overlapping usually metal pieces forming the outer surface of scale armorb :  scale armor

  6. 6a :  scale insectb :  infestation with or disease caused by scale insects

scaled play \ˈskā(ə)ld\ adjective
scaleless play \ˈskāl-ləs\ adjective


Origin of scale

Middle English, from Anglo-French escale, eschale, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English scealu shell, husk — more at shell


First Known Use: 14th century


4

scale

verb,

Definition of scale

scaledscaling

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to remove the scale or scales from (as by scraping) <scale a fish>

  3. 2 :  to take off in thin layers or scales <scale tartar from the teeth>

  4. 3 :  to throw (as a thin flat stone) so that the edge cuts the air or so that it skips on water :  skim

  5. intransitive verb
  6. 1 :  to separate and come off in scales :  flake

  7. 2 :  to shed scales <scaling skin>



15th Century

First Known Use of scale

15th century


5

scale

verb,

Definition of scale

scaledscaling

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1a :  to attack with or take by means of scaling ladders <scale a castle wall>b :  to climb up or reach by means of a ladderc :  to reach the highest point of :  surmount <scale a mountain>

  3. 2a :  to arrange in a graduated seriesb (1) :  to measure by or as if by a scale (2) :  to measure or estimate the sound content of (as logs)c :  to pattern, make, regulate, set, or estimate according to some rate or standard :  adjust <a production schedule scaled to actual need> —often used with back, down, or up <scale down imports>

  4. intransitive verb
  5. 1 :  to climb by or as if by a ladder

  6. 2 :  to rise in a graduated series

  7. 3 :  measure



Origin of scale

Middle English, from 6scale


First Known Use: 14th century


6

scale

noun

Definition of scale

  1. 1a obsolete :  ladderb archaic :  a means of ascent

  2. 2 :  a graduated series of musical tones ascending or descending in order of pitch according to a specified scheme of their intervals

  3. 3 :  something graduated especially when used as a measure or rule: asa :  a series of marks or points at known intervals used to measure distances (as the height of the mercury in a thermometer)b :  an indication of the relationship between the distances on a map and the corresponding actual distancesc :  ruler 3

  4. 4a :  a graduated series or scheme of rank or order <a scale of taxation>b :  minimum wage 2

  5. 5a :  a proportion between two sets of dimensions (as between those of a drawing and its original)b :  a distinctive relative size, extent, or degree <projects done on a large scale>

  6. 6 :  a graded series of tests or of performances used in rating individual intelligence or achievement

scale adjective
to scale
  1. :  according to the proportions of an established scale of measurement <floor plans drawn to scale>



Origin of scale

Middle English, from Late Latin scala ladder, staircase, from Latin scalae, plural, stairs, rungs, ladder; akin to Latin scandere to climb — more at scan


First Known Use: 15th century

Other Weights and Measures Terms


7

scale

noun

Definition of scale

  1. 1 obsolete :  escalade

  2. 2 :  an estimate of the amount of sound lumber in logs or standing timber



Origin of scale

5scale


First Known Use: circa 1587



SCALE Defined for Kids

1

scale

play
noun \ˈskāl\

Definition of scale for Students

  1. 1 :  either pan of a balance or the balance itself

  2. 2 :  a device for weighing




2

scale

play
noun

Definition of scale for Students

  1. 1 :  one of the small stiff plates that cover much of the body of some animals (as fish and snakes)

  2. 2 :  a thin layer or part suggesting a fish scale <the scales on a butterfly's wing>

scaled \ˈskāld\ adjective
scaleless \ˈskāl-ləs\ adjective <a scaleless fish>



3

scale

play
verb

Definition of scale for Students

scaledscaling

  1. 1 :  to remove the scales of <They scaled the fish.>

  2. 2 :  2flake <My dry skin was scaling.>




4

scale

play
verb

Definition of scale for Students

scaledscaling

  1. 1 :  to climb by or as if by a ladder <Climbers scaled the cliff.>

  2. 2 :  to regulate or set according to a standard —often used with down or up <I scaled down my plan.>




5

scale

play
noun

Definition of scale for Students

  1. 1 :  a series of musical tones going up or down in pitch in fixed steps

  2. 2 :  a series of spaces marked off by lines and used for measuring distances or amounts <a thermometer's scale>

  3. 3 :  a series of like things arranged in order (as according to size or degree) <a color scale>

  4. 4 :  the size of a picture, plan, or model of a thing compared to the size of the thing itself <The scale of the model is {frac1/35}.>

  5. 5 :  a standard for measuring or judging <On a scale of one to ten, I give it an eight.>

  6. 6 :  the size or extent of something especially in comparison to something else <They throw parties on a large scale.>




Medical Dictionary

1

scale

play
noun \ˈskā(ə)l\

Medical Definition of scale

  1. 1a:  either pan or tray of a balanceb:  a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends—usually used in plural

  2. 2:  an instrument or machine for weighing




2

scale

verb

Medical Definition of scale

scaled; scaling

  1. transitive verb

  2. :  to weigh in scales

  3. intransitive verb

  4. :  to have a specified weight on scales




3

scale

noun

Medical Definition of scale

  1. 1:  a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin

  2. 2:  a film of tartar encrusting the teeth




4

scale

verb

Medical Definition of scale

scaled; scaling

  1. transitive verb

  2. :  to take off in thin layers or scales <scale tartar from the teeth>

  3. 1

  4. intransitive verb

  5. :  to separate or come off in thin layers or laminae

  6. 2:  to shed scales or fragmentary surface matter :  exfoliate <scaling skin>




5

scale

noun

Medical Definition of scale

  1. 1:  a series of marks or points at known intervals used to measure distances (as the height of the mercury in a thermometer)

  2. 2:  a graduated series or scheme of rank or order

  3. 3:  a graded series of tests or of performances used in rating individual intelligence or achievement




Law Dictionary

scale

noun

Legal Definition of scale

  1. :  a set of graduated wage rates; also :  a wage consistent with such rates — compare minimum wage





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