scale


1scale

noun \ˈskāl\

Definition of SCALE

1
a :  either pan or tray of a balance
b :  a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends —usually used in plural
2
:  an instrument or machine for weighing

Origin of SCALE

Middle English scole, scale bowl, scale of a balance, from Old Norse skāl; akin to Old Norse skel shell — more at shell
First Known Use: 14th century

2scale

verb
scaledscal·ing

Definition of SCALE

transitive verb
:  to weigh in scales
intransitive verb
:  to have a specified weight on scales

First Known Use of SCALE

1691

Other Weights and Measures Terms

avoirdupois weight, calorie, denier, kip, pace, twain

3scale

noun

Definition of SCALE

1
a :  a small, flattened, rigid, and definitely circumscribed plate forming part of the external body covering especially of a fish
b :  a small thin plate suggesting a fish scale <scales of mica> <the scales on a moth's wing>
c :  the scaly covering of a scaled animal
2
:  a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin
3
:  a thin coating, layer, or incrustation: as
a :  a usually black scaly coating of oxide forming on the surface of a metal (as iron) when it is heated for processing
b :  a hard incrustation usually rich in sulfate of calcium that is deposited on the inside of a vessel (as a boiler) in which water is heated
4
a :  a modified leaf protecting a seed plant bud before expansion
b :  a thin, membranous, chaffy, or woody bract
5
a :  any of the small overlapping usually metal pieces forming the outer surface of scale armor
b :  scale armor
6
a :  scale insect
b :  infestation with or disease caused by scale insects
scaled \ˈskā(ə)ld\ adjective
scale·less \ˈskāl-ləs\ adjective

Origin of SCALE

Middle English, from Anglo-French escale, eschale, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English scealu shell, husk — more at shell
First Known Use: 14th century

4scale

verb
scaledscal·ing

Definition of SCALE

transitive verb
1
:  to remove the scale or scales from (as by scraping) <scale a fish>
2
:  to take off in thin layers or scales <scale tartar from the teeth>
3
:  to throw (as a thin flat stone) so that the edge cuts the air or so that it skips on water :  skim
intransitive verb
1
:  to separate and come off in scales :  flake
2
:  to shed scales <scaling skin>

First Known Use of SCALE

15th century

5scale

verb
scaledscal·ing

Definition of SCALE

transitive verb
1
a :  to attack with or take by means of scaling ladders <scale a castle wall>
b :  to climb up or reach by means of a ladder
c :  to reach the highest point of :  surmount <scale a mountain>
2
a :  to arrange in a graduated series
b (1) :  to measure by or as if by a scale
(2) :  to measure or estimate the sound content of (as logs)
c :  to pattern, make, regulate, set, or estimate according to some rate or standard :  adjust <a production schedule scaled to actual need> —often used with back, down, or up <scale down imports>
intransitive verb
1
:  to climb by or as if by a ladder
2
:  to rise in a graduated series
3
:  measure

Origin of SCALE

Middle English, from 6scale
First Known Use: 14th century

6scale

noun

Definition of SCALE

1
a obsolete :  ladder
b archaic :  a means of ascent
2
:  a graduated series of musical tones ascending or descending in order of pitch according to a specified scheme of their intervals
3
:  something graduated especially when used as a measure or rule: as
a :  a series of marks or points at known intervals used to measure distances (as the height of the mercury in a thermometer)
b :  an indication of the relationship between the distances on a map and the corresponding actual distances
c :  ruler 3
4
a :  a graduated series or scheme of rank or order <a scale of taxation>
b :  minimum wage 2
5
a :  a proportion between two sets of dimensions (as between those of a drawing and its original)
b :  a distinctive relative size, extent, or degree <projects done on a large scale>
6
:  a graded series of tests or of performances used in rating individual intelligence or achievement
scale adjective
to scale
:  according to the proportions of an established scale of measurement <floor plans drawn to scale>

Origin of SCALE

Middle English, from Late Latin scala ladder, staircase, from Latin scalae, plural, stairs, rungs, ladder; akin to Latin scandere to climb — more at scan
First Known Use: 15th century

Other Weights and Measures Terms

avoirdupois weight, calorie, denier, kip, pace, twain

7scale

noun

Definition of SCALE

1
obsolete :  escalade
2
:  an estimate of the amount of sound lumber in logs or standing timber

Origin of SCALE

5scale
First Known Use: circa 1587

scale

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Examples of the chromatic, major, and minor scales.—© Merriam-Webster Inc.

In music, primary pitches of a key or mode arranged within an octave. Scales are distinguished by the pattern of the intervals between adjacent notes. A scale can be seen as an abstraction from melody—that is, the pitches of a melody arranged in stepwise order.

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