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punish

play
verb pun·ish \ˈpə-nish\

Simple Definition of punish

  • : to make (someone) suffer for a crime or for bad behavior

  • : to make someone suffer for (a crime or bad behavior)

  • : to treat (someone or something) severely or roughly

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of punish

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to impose a penalty on for a fault, offense, or violation b :  to inflict a penalty for the commission of (an offense) in retribution or retaliation

  3. 2 a :  to deal with roughly or harshly b :  to inflict injury on :  hurt

  4. intransitive verb
  5. :  to inflict punishment

punishability

play \ˌpə-nish-ə-ˈbi-lə-tē\ noun

punishable

play \ˈpə-nish-ə-bəl\ adjective

punisher

noun

Examples of punish in a sentence

  1. I think that murderers should be punished by life imprisonment.

  2. She was punished for lying.

  3. His parents punished him by taking away his allowance.

  4. How should I punish my child's misbehavior?

  5. State law punishes fraud with fines.



Origin and Etymology of punish

Middle English punisshen, from Anglo-French puniss-, stem of punir, from Latin punire, from poena penalty — more at pain


First Known Use: 14th century

Synonym Discussion of punish

punish, chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct mean to inflict a penalty on in requital for wrongdoing. punish implies subjecting to a penalty for wrongdoing <punished for stealing>. chastise may apply to either the infliction of corporal punishment or to verbal censure or denunciation <chastised his son for neglecting his studies>. castigate usually implies a severe, typically public censure <an editorial castigating the entire city council>. chasten suggests any affliction or trial that leaves one humbled or subdued <chastened by a landslide election defeat>. discipline implies a punishing or chastening in order to bring under control <parents must discipline their children>. correct implies punishing aimed at reforming an offender <the function of prison is to correct the wrongdoer>.

PUNISH Defined for Kids

punish

play
verb pun·ish \ˈpə-nish\

Definition of punish for Students

punished

punishing

  1. 1 :  to make suffer for a fault or crime <The child was punished for lying.>

  2. 2 :  to make someone suffer for (as a crime) <The law punishes theft.>



Word Root of punish

The Latin word poena, meaning “punishment,” gives us the root pen or pun. Words from the Latin poena have something to do with punishments. A penalty is a punishment for doing something wrong. Anything penal, such as a group of laws, explains punishments for specific crimes. Punish and punishment also come from poena.


Law Dictionary

punish

play
transitive verb pun·ish \ˈpə-nish\

Legal Definition of punish

  1. 1 :  to impose a penalty on for a fault, offense, or violation

  2. 2 :  to inflict a penalty for the commission of (an offense) in retribution or retaliation or as a deterrent

  3. intransitive verb
  4. :  to inflict punishment

punishability

\ˌpə-ni-shə-ˈbi-lə-tē\ play noun

punishable

\ˈpə-ni-shə-bəl\ play adjective

punisher

noun




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