: the act of making a wrongdoer suffer : the state of being made to suffer for wrongdoing
: the penalty for a wrong or crime
Word Root of PUNISHMENT
The Latin word poena, meaning “punishment,” gives us the root pen or pun. Words from the Latin poena have something to do with punishments. A penalty is a punishment for doing something wrong. Anything penal, such as a group of laws, explains punishments for specific crimes. Punish and punishment also come from poena.