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1

sentence

play
noun sen·tence \ˈsen-tən(t)s, -tənz\

Simple Definition of sentence

  • : a group of words that expresses a statement, question, command, or wish

  • law : the punishment given by a court of law

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of sentence

  1. 1 obsolete :  opinion; especially :  a conclusion given on request or reached after deliberation

  2. 2a :  judgment 2a; specifically :  one formally pronounced by a court or judge in a criminal proceeding and specifying the punishment to be inflicted upon the convictb :  the punishment so imposed <serve out a sentence>

  3. 3 archaic :  maxim, saw

  4. 4a :  a word, clause, or phrase or a group of clauses or phrases forming a syntactic unit which expresses an assertion, a question, a command, a wish, an exclamation, or the performance of an action, that in writing usually begins with a capital letter and concludes with appropriate end punctuation, and that in speaking is distinguished by characteristic patterns of stress, pitch, and pausesb :  a mathematical or logical statement (as an equation or a proposition) in words or symbols

  5. 5 :  period 2b

Examples of sentence in a sentence

  1. He is serving a 10-year sentence for armed robbery.



Origin and Etymology of sentence

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin sententia feeling, opinion, from *sentent-, *sentens, irregular present participle of sentire to feel — more at sense


First Known Use: 14th century


2

sentence

transitive verb sen·tence

Simple Definition of sentence

  • law : to officially state the punishment given to (someone) by a court of law

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of sentence

sentenced

sentencing

  1. 1 :  to impose a sentence on

  2. 2 :  to cause to suffer something <sentenced these most primitive cultures to extinction — E. W. Count>

Examples of sentence in a sentence

  1. The defendant was sentenced and fined.

  2. <the judge sentenced him to a fine of $50 and time served>



1592

First Known Use of sentence

1592



SENTENCE Defined for Kids

1

sentence

play
noun sen·tence \ˈsen-təns\

Definition of sentence for Students

  1. 1 :  a group of words that makes a statement, asks a question, or expresses a command, wish, or exclamation

  2. 2 :  punishment set by a court <He served a sentence for robbery.>

  3. 3 :  a mathematical statement (as an equation) in words or symbols




2

sentence

play
verb sen·tence

Definition of sentence for Students

sentenced

sentencing

  1. :  to set the punishment of <The judge sentenced the prisoner.>




Law Dictionary

1

sentence

play
noun sen·tence \ˈsent-əns, -ənz\

Legal Definition of sentence

  1. 1 :  a judgment formally pronouncing the punishment to be inflicted on one convicted of a crime

  2. 2 :  the punishment that one convicted of a crime is ordered to receive concurrent sentence :  a sentence that runs at the same time as another consecutive sentence :  a sentence that runs before or after another cumulative sentence :  consecutive sentence in this entry; also :  the combination of two or more consecutive sentences death sentence :  a sentence condemning the convicted defendant to death determinate sentence \di-ˈtər-mə-nət-\ :  a sentence for a fixed rather than indeterminate length of time general sentence :  a sentence that does not allocate the punishment imposed for the individual counts on which the defendant was convicted Editor's note: General sentences are impermissible. indeterminate sentence \ˌin-di-ˈtər-mə-nət-\ :  a sentence of minimum and maximum duration with the exact length to be later determined (as by a parole board) life sentence :  a sentence of imprisonment for the rest of the convicted defendant's life mandatory sentence :  a sentence that is specifically required or falls within a range required by statute as punishment for an offense <imposed the minimum mandatory sentence for distributing drugs near a school> presumptive sentence :  a sentence that is the presumed punishment for an offense and is subject to the upward or downward adjustment of its severity depending on aggravating and mitigating factors split sentence :  a sentence of which part is served in prison and the other suspended and usually replaced by probation suspended sentence :  a sentence the imposition or execution of which is suspended by the court



Origin and Etymology of sentence

Old French, opinion, judicial sentence, from Latin sententia, ultimately from sentire to feel, think, express an opinion


2

sentence

transitive verb sen·tence

Legal Definition of sentence

sentenced

sentencing

  1. :  to impose a sentence on





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