poliomyelitis


po·lio·my·eli·tis

noun \ˌpō-lē-(ˌ)ō-ˌmī-ə-ˈlī-təs\

Definition of POLIOMYELITIS

:  an acute infectious disease caused by the poliovirus and characterized by fever, motor paralysis, and atrophy of skeletal muscles often with permanent disability and deformity and marked by inflammation of nerve cells in the anterior gray matter in each lateral half of the spinal cord —called also infantile paralysis

Origin of POLIOMYELITIS

New Latin, from Greek polios gray + myelos marrow — more at fallow, myel-
First Known Use: 1878

Rhymes with POLIOMYELITIS

po·lio·my·eli·tis

noun \ˌpō-lē-(ˌ)ō-ˌmī-ə-ˈlīt-əs\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural po·lio·my·elit·i·des \-ˈlit-ə-ˌdēz\

Medical Definition of POLIOMYELITIS

: an acute infectious virus disease caused by the poliovirus, characterized by fever, motor paralysis, and atrophy of skeletal muscles often with permanent disability and deformity, and marked by inflammation of nerve cells in the ventral horns of the spinal cord—called also infantile paralysis, polio
po·lio·my·elit·ic \-ˈlit-ik\ adjective

poliomyelitis

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Acute infectious viral disease that can cause flaccid paralysis of muscles. Severe epidemics killed or paralyzed many people, mostly children and young adults, until the 1960s, when Jonas Salk's injectable killed vaccine and Albert B. Sabin's oral attenuated live vaccine controlled polio in the developed world. Flulike symptoms with diarrhea may progress to back and limb pain, muscle tenderness, and stiff neck. Destruction of spinal cord motor cells causes paralysis, ranging from transient weakness to complete, permanent paralysis, in fewer than 20% of patients. Patients may lose the ability to use their limbs, to breathe, or to swallow and speak. They may need physical medicine and rehabilitation, mechanical breathing assistance, or tracheal suction to remove secretions. A “postpolio syndrome” occurs decades later in some cases, with weakness of muscles that had recovered.

Variants of POLIOMYELITIS

poliomyelitis or polio or infantile paralysis

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