noun \ˈstäk\

: the supply of goods available for sale in a store

: a supply of something that is available for use

: a share of the value of a company which can be bought, sold, or traded as an investment

Full Definition of STOCK

a archaic :  stump
b archaic :  a log or block of wood
c (1) archaic :  something without life or consciousness
(2) :  a dull, stupid, or lifeless person
:  a supporting framework or structure: as
a plural :  the frame or timbers holding a ship during construction
b plural :  a device for publicly punishing offenders consisting of a wooden frame with holes in which the feet or feet and hands can be locked
c (1) :  the wooden part by which a shoulder arm is held during firing
(2) :  the butt of an implement (as a whip or fishing rod) (3) :  bitstock, brace
d :  a long beam on a field gun forming the third support point in firing
a :  the main stem of a plant :  trunk
b (1) :  a plant or plant part united with a scion in grafting and supplying mostly underground parts to a graft
(2) :  a plant from which slips or cuttings are taken
:  the crosspiece of an anchor — see anchor illustration
a :  the original (as a person, race, or language) from which others derive :  source
b (1) :  the descendants of one individual :  family, lineage <of European stock>
(2) :  a compound organism
c :  an infraspecific group usually having unity of descent
d (1) :  a related group of languages
(2) :  a language family
a (1) :  the equipment, materials, or supplies of an establishment (2) :  livestock
b :  a store or supply accumulated or available; especially :  the inventory of goods of a merchant or manufacturer
a archaic :  a supply of capital :  funds; especially :  money or capital invested or available for investment or trading
b (1) :  the part of a tally formerly given to the creditor in a transaction
(2) :  a debt or fund due (as from a government) for money loaned at interest; also British :  capital or a debt or fund bearing interest in perpetuity and not ordinarily redeemable as to principal
c (1) :  the proprietorship element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates
(2) :  a portion of such stock of one or more companies (3) :  stock certificate
:  any of a genus (Matthiola) of Old World herbs or subshrubs of the mustard family with racemes of usually sweet-scented flowers
:  a wide band or scarf worn about the neck especially by some clergymen
a :  liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered that is used as a basis for soup, gravy, or sauce
b (1) :  raw material from which something is manufactured
(2) :  paper used for printing
c :  the portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of a game
a (1) :  an estimate or evaluation of something <take stock of the situation> (2) :  the estimation in which someone or something is held <his stock with the electorate remains high — Newsweek>
b :  confidence or faith placed in someone or something <put little stock in his testimony>
:  the production and presentation of plays by a stock company
:  stock car 1
in stock
:  on hand :  in the store and ready for delivery
out of stock
:  having no more on hand :  completely sold out

Examples of STOCK

  1. That camera is out of stock.
  2. Do you have any more light bulbs in stock?
  3. They carry a large stock of computer software.
  4. We built up an ample stock of food before the storm.
  5. She always seems to have a fresh stock of funny jokes.
  6. The value of his stocks has soared.
  7. Most of her money is invested in stocks.
  8. Do you own any stock?

Origin of STOCK

Middle English stok, from Old English stocc; akin to Old High German stoc stick
First Known Use: before 12th century



: to have a supply of (something) in a store for sale

: to fill (something, such as a room or a building) with a supply of food, drinks, etc.

Full Definition of STOCK

transitive verb
:  to make (a domestic animal) pregnant
:  to fit to or with a stock
:  to provide with stock or a stock :  supply <stock a stream with trout>
:  to procure or keep a stock of <our store stocks that brand>
:  to graze (livestock) on land
intransitive verb
:  to send out new shoots
:  to put in stock or supplies <stock up on canned goods>

Examples of STOCK

  1. Our store stocks only the finest goods.
  2. Do you stock this item?
  3. The bar is stocked with beer, wine and liquor.
  4. They stocked the shelves in the store with a variety of imported foods.

First Known Use of STOCK

15th century



: regularly used or included with something

: commonly used and not original or interesting

: usually available for sale in a store

Full Definition of STOCK

a :  kept regularly in stock <comes in stock sizes> <a stock model>
b :  commonly used or brought forward :  standard <the stock answer>
a :  kept for breeding purposes :  brood <a stock mare>
b :  devoted to the breeding and rearing of livestock <a stock farm>
c :  used or intended for livestock <a stock train>
d :  used in herding livestock <a stock horse> <a stock dog>
:  of or relating to a stock company
:  employed in handling, checking, or taking care of the stock of merchandise on hand <a stock clerk>

Examples of STOCK

  1. Here are the stock patterns you can choose from.
  2. She gave a stock answer to the reporter's question.
  3. a dull narrative with stock characters
  4. That item is a stock model.

First Known Use of STOCK


Other Animal Husbandry Terms

apiary, bantam, calico, girth, hogwash, mast, rut


noun \ˈstäk\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of STOCK

:  a population, colony, or culture of organisms used for scientific research or medical purposes <smallpox virus stocks retained for research into new vaccines and treatments against smallpox>


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