noun \ˈlüm\

Definition of LOOM

:  a frame or machine for interlacing at right angles two or more sets of threads or yarns to form a cloth

Origin of LOOM

Middle English lome tool, loom, from Old English gelōma tool; akin to Middle Dutch allame tool
First Known Use: 15th century

Other Handicraft Terms

biscuit, darn, tambour, wrought



: to appear in a large, strange, or frightening form often in a sudden way : to appear in an impressively large or great form

: to be close to happening : to be about to happen

Full Definition of LOOM

intransitive verb
:  to come into sight in enlarged or distorted and indistinct form often as a result of atmospheric conditions
a :  to appear in an impressively great or exaggerated form <deficits loomed large>
b :  to take shape as an impending occurrence

Examples of LOOM

  1. Storm clouds loomed on the horizon.
  2. The mountains loom above the valley.

Origin of LOOM

origin unknown
First Known Use: circa 1541



Definition of LOOM

:  the indistinct and exaggerated appearance of something seen on the horizon or through fog or darkness; also :  a looming shadow or reflection

First Known Use of LOOM



noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Principal parts of a traditional hand loom.—© Merriam-Webster Inc.

Machine for weaving cloth. The earliest looms, from the 5th millennium BC, consisted of bars or beams forming a frame to hold a number of parallel threads in two alternating sets. By raising one set of these threads (which together formed the warp), it was possible to run a cross thread (a weft, or filling) between them. A shuttle carried the filling strand through the warp. The fundamental operation of the loom remained unchanged, but over centuries many improvements were introduced in both Asia and Europe. The drawloom, probably invented in Asia for silk weaving, provided a means for raising warp threads in groups as required by a pattern. In the 18th century Jacques de Vaucanson and J.-M. Jacquard mechanized this function by the ingenious use of punched cards; the cards programmed the mechanical drawboy, saving labour and eliminating errors (see Jacquard loom). In England the inventions of John Kay (flying shuttle), Edmund Cartwright (power drive), and others contributed to the Industrial Revolution, in which the loom and other textile machinery played a central role.


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