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1

less

play
adjective \ˈles\

Simple Definition of less

  • : not so much : smaller in amount or number

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of less

  1. comparative of 1little

  1. 1 :  constituting a more limited number or amount <less than three> <less than half done>

  2. 2 :  of lower rank, degree, or importance <no less a person than the president himself>

  3. 3 a :  of reduced size, extent, or degree b :  more limited in quantity <in less time>

no less

  1. —used to emphasize that something is regarded as impressive or surprising <wants to be driven to the airport, in a limousine no less>

Usage Discussion of less

The traditional view is that less applies to matters of degree, value, or amount and modifies collective nouns, mass nouns, or nouns denoting an abstract whole while fewer applies to matters of number and modifies plural nouns. Less has been used to modify plural nouns since the days of King Alfred and the usage, though roundly decried, appears to be increasing. Less is more likely than fewer to modify plural nouns when distances, sums of money, and a few fixed phrases are involved <less than 100 miles> <an investment of less than $2000> <in 25 words or less> and as likely as fewer to modify periods of time <in less (or fewer) than four hours>.

Examples of less in a sentence

  1. We need less talk and more work!

  2. She finished in less time than I did.

  3. Less detail is sometimes better than more detail.

  4. 8 times 2 is less than 6 times 3.

  5. We made it there in less than six hours.

  6. The whole procedure takes less than five minutes.

  7. The illness affects less than one percent of the population.



Origin and Etymology of less

Middle English, partly from Old English lǣs, adverb & noun; partly from lǣssa, adjective; akin to OldFrisian lēs less


First Known Use: before 12th century


2

less

adverb

Simple Definition of less

  • : not so much : to a smaller extent or degree

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of less

  1. comparative of 2little

  1. :  to a lesser extent or degree

less and less

  1. :  to a progressively smaller size or extent

less than

  1. :  by no means :  not at all <less than honest in his replies>

Examples of less in a sentence

  1. This test seemed much less difficult than the last one.

  2. Which test is the less difficult of the two?

  3. Do you have another one that's less expensive?

  4. She visits much less often than she used to.

  5. They're focusing more on quality and less on quantity.

  6. Their band is less concerned with making music than with making money.



Before 12th Century

First Known Use of less

before 12th century


3

less

noun

Definition of less

plural

less

  1. 1 :  a smaller portion or quantity

  2. 2 :  something of less importance



Before 12th Century

First Known Use of less

before 12th century


4

less

preposition

Simple Definition of less

  • : after taking away or subtracting (something)

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of less

  1. :  diminished by :  minus

Examples of less in a sentence

  1. We earned two hundred dollars, less travel expenses.



15th Century

First Known Use of less

15th century

Rhymes with less


-less

adjective suffix

Simple Definition of -less

  • : not having something specified : without something

  • : never doing or becoming something specified

  • : not able to be acted on in a specified way

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of -less

  1. 1 :  destitute of :  not having <witless> <childless>

  2. 2 :  unable to be acted on or to act (in a specified way) <dauntless> <fadeless>

Examples of -less in a sentence

  1. my first painless day since leaving the hospital



Origin and Etymology of -less

Middle English -les, -lesse, from Old English -lēas, from lēas devoid, false; akin to Old High German lōs loose, Old English losian to get lost — more at lose



LESS Defined for Kids

1

less

play
adjective \ˈles\

Definition of less for Students

  1. comparative of 1little

  1. 1 :  being fewer <Less than ten people showed up.>

  2. 2 :  not so much :  a smaller amount of <We need less talk and more action.>




2

less

play
adverb

Definition of less for Students

  1. comparative of 2little

  1. :  not so much or so well <This quiz is less difficult than the last.>




3

less

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noun

Definition of less for Students

  1. 1 :  a smaller number or amount <They made do with less.>

  2. 2 :  something that is not as important <You're lucky. I've been grounded for less.>




4

less

play
preposition

Definition of less for Students

  1. :  1minus 1 <Your cost is the regular price less a discount.>




-less

adjective suffix \ləs\

Definition of -less for Students

  1. 1 :  not having <friendless>

  2. 2 :  not able to be acted on or to act in a specified way <ceaseless>




Medical Dictionary

less, lesser

Medical Definition of less

comparative of little



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