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extinguish

play
verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

Simple Definition of extinguish

  • : to cause (something) to stop burning

  • : to cause the end or death of (something)

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of extinguish

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a (1) :  to bring to an end :  make an end of <hope for their safety was slowly extinguished> (2) :  to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness b :  to cause to cease burning :  quench c :  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) d :  to dim the brightness of :  eclipse

  3. 2 a :  to cause to be void :  nullify <extinguish a claim> b :  to get rid of usually by payment <extinguish a debt>

extinguishable play \-(g)wi-shə-bəl\ adjective
extinguisher play \-shər\ noun
extinguishment play \-mənt\ noun

Examples of extinguish in a sentence

  1. The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze.

  2. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray.

  3. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance.

  4. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.



Origin of extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick


First Known Use: circa 1540


EXTINGUISH Defined for Kids

extinguish

play
verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish\

Definition of extinguish for Students

extinguishedextinguishing

  1. 1 :  to cause to stop burning

  2. 2 :  to cause to die out <More bad news extinguished all hope.>

extinguisher noun



Medical Dictionary

extinguish

play
transitive verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

Medical Definition of extinguish

  1. :  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) <extinguish an avoidance response>




Law Dictionary

extinguish

transitive verb ex·tin·guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

  1. 1 :  to cause the nonexistence of :  do away with

  2. 2 :  to cause (as a claim or right) to be void :  nullify

  3. 3 :  to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

extinguishable adjective
extinguishment noun




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