Dictionary

extinguish

verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

: to cause (something) to stop burning

: to cause the end or death of (something)

Full Definition of EXTINGUISH

transitive verb
1
a (1) :  to bring to an end :  make an end of <hope for their safety was slowly extinguished> (2) :  to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b :  to cause to cease burning :  quench
c :  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d :  to dim the brightness of :  eclipse
2
a :  to cause to be void :  nullify <extinguish a claim>
b :  to get rid of usually by payment <extinguish a debt>
ex·tin·guish·able \-(g)wi-shə-bəl\ adjective
ex·tin·guish·er \-shər\ noun
ex·tin·guish·ment \-mənt\ noun
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Examples of EXTINGUISH

  1. The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze.
  2. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray.
  3. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance.
  4. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.

Origin of EXTINGUISH

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick
First Known Use: circa 1540
EXTINGUISH Defined for Kids

extinguish

verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish\
ex·tin·guishedex·tin·guish·ing

Definition of EXTINGUISH for Kids

1
:  to cause to stop burning
2
:  to cause to die out <More bad news extinguished all hope.>
ex·tin·guish·er noun
Medical Dictionary

extinguish

transitive verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

Medical Definition of EXTINGUISH

:  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) <extinguish an avoidance response>

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