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noun \ˈkās\

Definition of case

  1. 1 a :  a set of circumstances or conditions <is the statement true in all three cases> b (1) :  a situation requiring investigation or action (as by the police) (2) :  the object of investigation or consideration

  2. 2 :  condition; specifically :  condition of body or mind

  3. 3 [Middle English cas, from Anglo-French, from Latin casus, translation of Greek ptōsis, literally, fall] a :  an inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective indicating its grammatical relation to other words b :  such a relation whether indicated by inflection or not

  4. 4 :  what actually exists or happens :  fact <thought he had failed, but that wasn't the case>

  5. 5 a :  a suit or action in law or equity b (1) :  the evidence supporting a conclusion or judgment (2) :  argument; especially :  a convincing argument <makes a good case for adopting the proposal>

  6. 6 a :  an instance of disease or injury <a case of pneumonia>; also :  patient b :  an instance that directs attention to a situation or exhibits it in action :  example c :  a peculiar person :  character

  7. 7 :  oneself considered as an object of harassment or criticism <get off my case>

in any case
  1. :  without regard to or in spite of other considerations :  whatever else is done or is the case <war is inevitable in any case> <in any case the report will be made public next month>

in case
  1. :  as a precaution <took an umbrella, just in case>

in case of
  1. :  in the event of <in case of trouble, yell>

Origin of case

Middle English cas, from Anglo-French, from Latin casus fall, chance, from cadere to fall — more at chance

First Known Use: 13th century

Synonym Discussion of case

instance, case, illustration, example, sample, specimen mean something that exhibits distinguishing characteristics in its category. instance applies to any individual person, act, or thing that may be offered to illustrate or explain <an instance of history repeating itself>. case is used to direct attention to a real or assumed occurrence or situation that is to be considered, studied, or dealt with <a case of mistaken identity>. illustration applies to an instance offered as a means of clarifying or illuminating a general statement <a telling illustration of Murphy's Law>. example applies to a typical, representative, or illustrative instance or case <a typical example of bureaucratic waste>. sample implies a part or unit taken at random from a larger whole and so presumed to be typical of its qualities <show us a sample of your work>. specimen applies to any example or sample whether representative or merely existent and available <one of the finest specimens of the jeweler's art>.




Definition of case

  1. 1 a :  a box or receptacle for holding something b :  a box together with its contents c :  set; specifically :  pair

  2. 2 a :  an outer covering or housing <a pastry case> b :  a tube into which the components of a round of ammunition are loaded

  3. 3 :  a divided tray for holding printing type

  4. 4 :  the frame of a door or window :  casing

Origin of case

Middle English cas, from Anglo-French case, chase, from Latin capsa chest, case, probably from capere to take — more at heave

First Known Use: 14th century




Simple Definition of case

  • : to study or watch (a house, store, etc.) with plans to rob it

Full Definition of case


  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to enclose in or cover with or as if with a case :  encase

  3. 2 :  to line (as a well) with supporting material (as metal pipe)

  4. 3 :  to inspect or study especially with intent to rob


First Known Use of case


Medical Dictionary


noun \ˈkās\

Medical Definition of case

  1. 1:  the circumstances and situation of a particular person or group

  2. 2a:  an instance of disease or injury <10 cases of pneumonia>b:  patient 1

Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up case? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


February 12, 2016

of, relating to, or suggestive of marble

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